Discrete modes of social information processing predict individual behavior of fish in a group

R. Harpaz, G. Tkacik, E. Schneidman, PNAS 114 (2017) 10149–10154.


Journal Article | Published | English
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Abstract
Individual computations and social interactions underlying collective behavior in groups of animals are of great ethological, behavioral, and theoretical interest. While complex individual behaviors have successfully been parsed into small dictionaries of stereotyped behavioral modes, studies of collective behavior largely ignored these findings; instead, their focus was on inferring single, mode-independent social interaction rules that reproduced macroscopic and often qualitative features of group behavior. Here, we bring these two approaches together to predict individual swimming patterns of adult zebrafish in a group. We show that fish alternate between an “active” mode, in which they are sensitive to the swimming patterns of conspecifics, and a “passive” mode, where they ignore them. Using a model that accounts for these two modes explicitly, we predict behaviors of individual fish with high accuracy, outperforming previous approaches that assumed a single continuous computation by individuals and simple metric or topological weighing of neighbors’ behavior. At the group level, switching between active and passive modes is uncorrelated among fish, but correlated directional swimming behavior still emerges. Our quantitative approach for studying complex, multi-modal individual behavior jointly with emergent group behavior is readily extensible to additional behavioral modes and their neural correlates as well as to other species.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2017-09-19
Journal Title
PNAS
Volume
114
Issue
38
Page
10149 - 10154
ISSN
IST-REx-ID

Cite this

Harpaz R, Tkacik G, Schneidman E. Discrete modes of social information processing predict individual behavior of fish in a group. PNAS. 2017;114(38):10149-10154. doi:10.1073/pnas.1703817114
Harpaz, R., Tkacik, G., & Schneidman, E. (2017). Discrete modes of social information processing predict individual behavior of fish in a group. PNAS, 114(38), 10149–10154. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1703817114
Harpaz, Roy, Gasper Tkacik, and Elad Schneidman. “Discrete Modes of Social Information Processing Predict Individual Behavior of Fish in a Group.” PNAS 114, no. 38 (2017): 10149–54. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1703817114.
R. Harpaz, G. Tkacik, and E. Schneidman, “Discrete modes of social information processing predict individual behavior of fish in a group,” PNAS, vol. 114, no. 38, pp. 10149–10154, 2017.
Harpaz R, Tkacik G, Schneidman E. 2017. Discrete modes of social information processing predict individual behavior of fish in a group. PNAS. 114(38), 10149–10154.
Harpaz, Roy, et al. “Discrete Modes of Social Information Processing Predict Individual Behavior of Fish in a Group.” PNAS, vol. 114, no. 38, National Academy of Sciences, 2017, pp. 10149–54, doi:10.1073/pnas.1703817114.

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