Correlations, indistinguishability and entanglement in Hong-Ou-Mandel experiments at microwave frequencies

C. Lang, C. Eichler, L. Steffen, J.M. Fink, M. Woolley, A. Blais, A. Wallraff, Nature Physics 9 (2013) 345–348.

Download
No fulltext has been uploaded. References only!

Journal Article | Published
Author
; ; ; ; ; ;
Abstract
When two indistinguishable single photons impinge at the two inputs of a beam splitter they coalesce into a pair of photons appearing in either one of its two outputs. This effect is due to the bosonic nature of photons and was first experimentally observed by Hong, Ou and Mandel. Here, we present the observation of the Hong-Ou-Mandel effect with two independent single-photon sources in the microwave frequency domain. We probe the indistinguishability of single photons, created with a controllable delay, in time-resolved second-order cross- and auto-correlation function measurements. Using quadrature amplitude detection we are able to resolve different photon numbers and detect coherence in and between the output arms. This scheme allows us to fully characterize the two-mode entanglement of the spatially separated beam-splitter output modes. Our experiments constitute a first step towards using two-photon interference at microwave frequencies for quantum communication and information processing.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2013-06-01
Journal Title
Nature Physics
Acknowledgement
This work was supported by the European Research Council (ERC) through a Starting Grant and by ETHZ. L.S. was supported by EU IP SOLID. A.B. and M.J.W. were supported by NSERC, CIFAR and the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation
Volume
9
Issue
6
Page
345 - 348
IST-REx-ID

Cite this

Lang C, Eichler C, Steffen L, et al. Correlations, indistinguishability and entanglement in Hong-Ou-Mandel experiments at microwave frequencies. Nature Physics. 2013;9(6):345-348. doi:10.1038/nphys2612
Lang, C., Eichler, C., Steffen, L., Fink, J. M., Woolley, M., Blais, A., & Wallraff, A. (2013). Correlations, indistinguishability and entanglement in Hong-Ou-Mandel experiments at microwave frequencies. Nature Physics, 9(6), 345–348. https://doi.org/10.1038/nphys2612
Lang, C, Christopher Eichler, L. Steffen, Johannes M Fink, Matthew Woolley, Alexandre Blais, and Andreas Wallraff. “Correlations, Indistinguishability and Entanglement in Hong-Ou-Mandel Experiments at Microwave Frequencies.” Nature Physics 9, no. 6 (2013): 345–48. https://doi.org/10.1038/nphys2612.
C. Lang et al., “Correlations, indistinguishability and entanglement in Hong-Ou-Mandel experiments at microwave frequencies,” Nature Physics, vol. 9, no. 6, pp. 345–348, 2013.
Lang C, Eichler C, Steffen L, Fink JM, Woolley M, Blais A, Wallraff A. 2013. Correlations, indistinguishability and entanglement in Hong-Ou-Mandel experiments at microwave frequencies. Nature Physics. 9(6), 345–348.
Lang, C., et al. “Correlations, Indistinguishability and Entanglement in Hong-Ou-Mandel Experiments at Microwave Frequencies.” Nature Physics, vol. 9, no. 6, Nature Publishing Group, 2013, pp. 345–48, doi:10.1038/nphys2612.

Export

Marked Publications

Open Data IST Research Explorer

Search this title in

Google Scholar