Both classical and recent studies suggest that chromosomal inversion polymorphisms are important in adaptation and speciation. However, biases in discovery and reporting of inversions make it difficult to assess their prevalence and biological importance. Here, we use an approach based on linkage disequilibrium among markers genotyped for samples collected across a transect between contrasting habitats to detect chromosomal rearrangements de novo. We report 17 polymorphic rearrangements in a single locality for the coastal marine snail, Littorina saxatilis. Patterns of diversity in the field and of recombination in controlled crosses provide strong evidence that at least the majority of these rearrangements are inversions. Most show clinal changes in frequency between habitats, suggestive of divergent selection, but only one appears to be fixed for different arrangements in the two habitats. Consistent with widespread evidence for balancing selection on inversion polymorphisms, we argue that a combination of heterosis and divergent selection can explain the observed patterns and should be considered in other systems spanning environmental gradients.
Faria R, Chaube P, Morales HE, et al. Data from: Multiple chromosomal rearrangements in a hybrid zone between Littorina saxatilis ecotypes. 2018. doi:10.5061/dryad.72cg113
Faria, R., Chaube, P., Morales, H. E., Larsson, T., Lemmon, A. R., Lemmon, E. M., … Butlin, R. K. (2018). Data from: Multiple chromosomal rearrangements in a hybrid zone between Littorina saxatilis ecotypes. Dryad. https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.72cg113
Faria, Rui, Pragya Chaube, Hernán E. Morales, Tomas Larsson, Alan R. Lemmon, Emily M. Lemmon, Marina Rafajlović, et al. “Data from: Multiple Chromosomal Rearrangements in a Hybrid Zone between Littorina Saxatilis Ecotypes.” Dryad, 2018. https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.72cg113.
R. Faria et al., “Data from: Multiple chromosomal rearrangements in a hybrid zone between Littorina saxatilis ecotypes.” Dryad, 2018.
Faria R, Chaube P, Morales HE, Larsson T, Lemmon AR, Lemmon EM, Rafajlović M, Panova M, Ravinet M, Johannesson K, Westram AM, Butlin RK. 2018. Data from: Multiple chromosomal rearrangements in a hybrid zone between Littorina saxatilis ecotypes, Dryad, 10.5061/dryad.72cg113.
Faria, Rui, et al. Data from: Multiple Chromosomal Rearrangements in a Hybrid Zone between Littorina Saxatilis Ecotypes. Dryad, 2018, doi:10.5061/dryad.72cg113.
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