Cell polarity in cerebral cortex development - cellular architecture shaped by biochemical networks

A.H. Hansen, C.F. Düllberg, C. Mieck, M. Loose, S. Hippenmeyer, Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience 11 (2017).

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Journal Article | Published | English
Abstract
The human cerebral cortex is the seat of our cognitive abilities and composed of an extraordinary number of neurons, organized in six distinct layers. The establishment of specific morphological and physiological features in individual neurons needs to be regulated with high precision. Impairments in the sequential developmental programs instructing corticogenesis lead to alterations in the cortical cytoarchitecture which is thought to represent the major underlying cause for several neurological disorders including neurodevelopmental and psychiatric diseases. In this review we discuss the role of cell polarity at sequential stages during cortex development. We first provide an overview of morphological cell polarity features in cortical neural stem cells and newly-born postmitotic neurons. We then synthesize a conceptual molecular and biochemical framework how cell polarity is established at the cellular level through a break in symmetry in nascent cortical projection neurons. Lastly we provide a perspective how the molecular mechanisms applying to single cells could be probed and integrated in an in vivo and tissue-wide context.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2017-06-28
Journal Title
Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
Acknowledgement
This work was supported by IST Austria institutional funds; CD was supported by a postdoctoral ISTFELLOW fellowship and CM was a postdoctoral fellow of the FWF Herta Firnberg programme.
Volume
11
Article Number
176
ISSN
IST-REx-ID

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Hansen AH, Düllberg CF, Mieck C, Loose M, Hippenmeyer S. Cell polarity in cerebral cortex development - cellular architecture shaped by biochemical networks. Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience. 2017;11. doi:10.3389/fncel.2017.00176
Hansen, A. H., Düllberg, C. F., Mieck, C., Loose, M., & Hippenmeyer, S. (2017). Cell polarity in cerebral cortex development - cellular architecture shaped by biochemical networks. Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience, 11. https://doi.org/10.3389/fncel.2017.00176
Hansen, Andi H, Christian F Düllberg, Christine Mieck, Martin Loose, and Simon Hippenmeyer. “Cell Polarity in Cerebral Cortex Development - Cellular Architecture Shaped by Biochemical Networks.” Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience 11 (2017). https://doi.org/10.3389/fncel.2017.00176.
A. H. Hansen, C. F. Düllberg, C. Mieck, M. Loose, and S. Hippenmeyer, “Cell polarity in cerebral cortex development - cellular architecture shaped by biochemical networks,” Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience, vol. 11, 2017.
Hansen AH, Düllberg CF, Mieck C, Loose M, Hippenmeyer S. 2017. Cell polarity in cerebral cortex development - cellular architecture shaped by biochemical networks. Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience. 11.
Hansen, Andi H., et al. “Cell Polarity in Cerebral Cortex Development - Cellular Architecture Shaped by Biochemical Networks.” Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience, vol. 11, 176, Frontiers Research Foundation, 2017, doi:10.3389/fncel.2017.00176.
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