Marensi, ElenaISTA; He, Shuisheng; Willis, Ashley P.
Turbulence in the flow of fluid through a pipe can be suppressed by buoyancy forces. As the suppression of turbulence leads to severe heat transfer deterioration, this is an important and undesirable phenomenon in both heating and cooling applications. Vertical flow is often considered, as the axial buoyancy force can help drive the flow. With heating measured by the buoyancy parameter 𝐶, our direct numerical simulations show that shear-driven turbulence may either be completely laminarised or it transitions to a relatively quiescent convection-driven state. Buoyancy forces cause a flattening of the base flow profile, which in isothermal pipe flow has recently been linked to complete suppression of turbulence (Kühnen et al., Nat. Phys., vol. 14, 2018, pp. 386–390), and the flattened laminar base profile has enhanced nonlinear stability (Marensi et al., J. Fluid Mech., vol. 863, 2019, pp. 50–875). In agreement with these findings, the nonlinear lower-branch travelling-wave solution analysed here, which is believed to mediate transition to turbulence in isothermal pipe flow, is shown to be suppressed by buoyancy. A linear instability of the laminar base flow is responsible for the appearance of the relatively quiescent convection driven state for 𝐶≳4 across the range of Reynolds numbers considered. In the suppression of turbulence, however, i.e. in the transition from turbulence, we find clearer association with the analysis of He et al. (J. Fluid Mech., vol. 809, 2016, pp. 31–71) than with the above dynamical systems approach, which describes better the transition to turbulence. The laminarisation criterion He et al. propose, based on an apparent Reynolds number of the flow as measured by its driving pressure gradient, is found to capture the critical 𝐶=𝐶𝑐𝑟(𝑅𝑒) above which the flow will be laminarised or switch to the convection-driven type. Our analysis suggests that it is the weakened rolls, rather than the streaks, which appear to be critical for laminarisation.
Journal of Fluid Mechanics
The anonymous referees are kindly acknowledged for their useful suggestions andcomments.
Marensi E, He S, Willis AP. Suppression of turbulence and travelling waves in a vertical heated pipe. Journal of Fluid Mechanics. 2021;919. doi:10.1017/jfm.2021.371
Marensi, E., He, S., & Willis, A. P. (2021). Suppression of turbulence and travelling waves in a vertical heated pipe. Journal of Fluid Mechanics. Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2021.371
Marensi, Elena, Shuisheng He, and Ashley P. Willis. “Suppression of Turbulence and Travelling Waves in a Vertical Heated Pipe.” Journal of Fluid Mechanics. Cambridge University Press, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2021.371.
E. Marensi, S. He, and A. P. Willis, “Suppression of turbulence and travelling waves in a vertical heated pipe,” Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 919. Cambridge University Press, 2021.
Marensi E, He S, Willis AP. 2021. Suppression of turbulence and travelling waves in a vertical heated pipe. Journal of Fluid Mechanics. 919, A17.
Marensi, Elena, et al. “Suppression of Turbulence and Travelling Waves in a Vertical Heated Pipe.” Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 919, A17, Cambridge University Press, 2021, doi:10.1017/jfm.2021.371.
All files available under the following license(s):
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0):