Transmission of cytokinesis forces via E cadherin dilution and actomyosin flows

D. Pinheiro, E.B. Hannezo, S. Herszterg, F. Bosveld, I. Gaugué, M. Balakireva, Z. Wang, I. Cristo, S. Rigaud, O. Markova, Y. Bellaïche, Nature 545 (2017) 103–107.

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Abstract
During epithelial cytokinesis, the remodelling of adhesive cell-cell contacts between the dividing cell and its neighbours has profound implications for the integrity, arrangement and morphogenesis of proliferative tissues. In both vertebrates and invertebrates, this remodelling requires the activity of non-muscle myosin II (MyoII) in the interphasic cells neighbouring the dividing cell. However, the mechanisms that coordinate cytokinesis and MyoII activity in the neighbours are unknown. Here we show that in the Drosophila notum epithelium, each cell division is associated with a mechanosensing and transmission event that controls MyoII dynamics in neighbouring cells. We find that the ring pulling forces promote local junction elongation, which results in local E-cadherin dilution at the ingressing adherens junction. In turn, the reduction in E-cadherin concentration and the contractility of the neighbouring cells promote self-organized actomyosin flows, ultimately leading to accumulation of MyoII at the base of the ingressing junction. Although force transduction has been extensively studied in the context of adherens junction reinforcement to stabilize adhesive cell-cell contacts, we propose an alternative mechanosensing mechanism that coordinates actomyosin dynamics between epithelial cells and sustains the remodelling of the adherens junction in response to mechanical forces.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2017-05-04
Journal Title
Nature
Volume
545
Issue
7652
Page
103 - 107
ISSN
IST-REx-ID

Cite this

Pinheiro D, Hannezo EB, Herszterg S, et al. Transmission of cytokinesis forces via E cadherin dilution and actomyosin flows. Nature. 2017;545(7652):103-107. doi:10.1038/nature22041
Pinheiro, D., Hannezo, E. B., Herszterg, S., Bosveld, F., Gaugué, I., Balakireva, M., … Bellaïche, Y. (2017). Transmission of cytokinesis forces via E cadherin dilution and actomyosin flows. Nature, 545(7652), 103–107. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature22041
Pinheiro, Diana, Edouard B Hannezo, Sophie Herszterg, Floris Bosveld, Isabelle Gaugué, Maria Balakireva, Zhimin Wang, et al. “Transmission of Cytokinesis Forces via E Cadherin Dilution and Actomyosin Flows.” Nature 545, no. 7652 (2017): 103–7. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature22041.
D. Pinheiro et al., “Transmission of cytokinesis forces via E cadherin dilution and actomyosin flows,” Nature, vol. 545, no. 7652, pp. 103–107, 2017.
Pinheiro D, Hannezo EB, Herszterg S, Bosveld F, Gaugué I, Balakireva M, Wang Z, Cristo I, Rigaud S, Markova O, Bellaïche Y. 2017. Transmission of cytokinesis forces via E cadherin dilution and actomyosin flows. Nature. 545(7652), 103–107.
Pinheiro, Diana, et al. “Transmission of Cytokinesis Forces via E Cadherin Dilution and Actomyosin Flows.” Nature, vol. 545, no. 7652, Nature Publishing Group, 2017, pp. 103–07, doi:10.1038/nature22041.

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