Doping-mediated stabilization of copper vacancies to promote thermoelectric properties of Cu2-xS

Zhang Y, Xing C, Liu Y, Spadaro MC, Wang X, Li M, Xiao K, Zhang T, Guardia P, Lim KH, Moghaddam AO, Llorca J, Arbiol J, Ibáñez M, Cabot A. 2021. Doping-mediated stabilization of copper vacancies to promote thermoelectric properties of Cu2-xS. Nano Energy. 85(7), 105991.

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Journal Article | Epub ahead of print | English

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Author
Zhang, Yu; Xing, Congcong; Liu, YuIST Austria ; Spadaro, Maria Chiara; Wang, Xiang; Li, Mengyao; Xiao, Ke; Zhang, Ting; Guardia, Pablo; Lim, Khak Ho; Moghaddam, Ahmad Ostovari; Llorca, Jordi
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Department
Abstract
Copper chalcogenides are outstanding thermoelectric materials for applications in the medium-high temperature range. Among different chalcogenides, while Cu2−xSe is characterized by higher thermoelectric figures of merit, Cu2−xS provides advantages in terms of low cost and element abundance. In the present work, we investigate the effect of different dopants to enhance the Cu2−xS performance and also its thermal stability. Among the tested options, Pb-doped Cu2−xS shows the highest improvement in stability against sulfur volatilization. Additionally, Pb incorporation allows tuning charge carrier concentration, which enables a significant improvement of the power factor. We demonstrate here that the introduction of an optimal additive amount of just 0.3% results in a threefold increase of the power factor in the middle-temperature range (500–800 K) and a record dimensionless thermoelectric figure of merit above 2 at 880 K.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2021-03-16
Journal Title
Nano Energy
Volume
85
Issue
7
Article Number
105991
ISSN
IST-REx-ID

Cite this

Zhang Y, Xing C, Liu Y, et al. Doping-mediated stabilization of copper vacancies to promote thermoelectric properties of Cu2-xS. Nano Energy. 2021;85(7). doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2021.105991
Zhang, Y., Xing, C., Liu, Y., Spadaro, M. C., Wang, X., Li, M., … Cabot, A. (2021). Doping-mediated stabilization of copper vacancies to promote thermoelectric properties of Cu2-xS. Nano Energy. Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nanoen.2021.105991
Zhang, Yu, Congcong Xing, Yu Liu, Maria Chiara Spadaro, Xiang Wang, Mengyao Li, Ke Xiao, et al. “Doping-Mediated Stabilization of Copper Vacancies to Promote Thermoelectric Properties of Cu2-XS.” Nano Energy. Elsevier, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nanoen.2021.105991.
Y. Zhang et al., “Doping-mediated stabilization of copper vacancies to promote thermoelectric properties of Cu2-xS,” Nano Energy, vol. 85, no. 7. Elsevier, 2021.
Zhang Y, Xing C, Liu Y, Spadaro MC, Wang X, Li M, Xiao K, Zhang T, Guardia P, Lim KH, Moghaddam AO, Llorca J, Arbiol J, Ibáñez M, Cabot A. 2021. Doping-mediated stabilization of copper vacancies to promote thermoelectric properties of Cu2-xS. Nano Energy. 85(7), 105991.
Zhang, Yu, et al. “Doping-Mediated Stabilization of Copper Vacancies to Promote Thermoelectric Properties of Cu2-XS.” Nano Energy, vol. 85, no. 7, 105991, Elsevier, 2021, doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2021.105991.

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