Real time monitoring of peptidoglycan synthesis by membrane-reconstituted penicillin binding proteins

Hernández-Rocamora VM, Baranova NS, Peters K, Breukink E, Loose M, Vollmer W. 2021. Real time monitoring of peptidoglycan synthesis by membrane-reconstituted penicillin binding proteins. eLife. 10, 1–32.

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Journal Article | Published | English

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Author
Hernández-Rocamora, Víctor M.; Baranova, NataliaIST Austria ; Peters, Katharina; Breukink, Eefjan; Loose, MartinIST Austria ; Vollmer, Waldemar
Department
Abstract
Peptidoglycan is an essential component of the bacterial cell envelope that surrounds the cytoplasmic membrane to protect the cell from osmotic lysis. Important antibiotics such as β-lactams and glycopeptides target peptidoglycan biosynthesis. Class A penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs) are bifunctional membrane-bound peptidoglycan synthases that polymerize glycan chains and connect adjacent stem peptides by transpeptidation. How these enzymes work in their physiological membrane environment is poorly understood. Here, we developed a novel Förster resonance energy transfer-based assay to follow in real time both reactions of class A PBPs reconstituted in liposomes or supported lipid bilayers and applied this assay with PBP1B homologues from Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Acinetobacter baumannii in the presence or absence of their cognate lipoprotein activator. Our assay will allow unravelling the mechanisms of peptidoglycan synthesis in a lipid-bilayer environment and can be further developed to be used for high-throughput screening for new antimicrobials.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2021-02-24
Journal Title
eLife
Acknowledgement
We thank Alexander Egan (Newcastle University) for purified proteins LpoB(sol) and LpoPPa(sol), Federico Corona (Newcastle University) for purified MepM, and Oliver Birkholz and Jacob Piehler (Department of Biology and Center of Cellular Nanoanalytics, University of Osnabru¨ ck) for their help with PBP1B reconstitution into polymer-SLBs and initial guidance on single particle tracking. We also acknowledge Christian P Richter and Changjiang You (Department of Biology and Center of Cellular Nanoanalytics, University of Osnabru¨ ck) for providing SLIMfast software and tris-DODA-NTA reagent, respectively. This work was funded by the BBSRC grant BB/R017409/1 (to WV), the European Research Council through grant ERC-2015-StG-679239 (to ML), and long-term fellowships HFSP LT 000824/2016-L4 and EMBO ALTF 1163–2015 (to NB).
Volume
10
Article Number
1-32
eISSN
IST-REx-ID

Cite this

Hernández-Rocamora VM, Baranova NS, Peters K, Breukink E, Loose M, Vollmer W. Real time monitoring of peptidoglycan synthesis by membrane-reconstituted penicillin binding proteins. eLife. 2021;10. doi:10.7554/eLife.61525
Hernández-Rocamora, V. M., Baranova, N. S., Peters, K., Breukink, E., Loose, M., & Vollmer, W. (2021). Real time monitoring of peptidoglycan synthesis by membrane-reconstituted penicillin binding proteins. ELife. eLife Sciences Publications. https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.61525
Hernández-Rocamora, Víctor M., Natalia S. Baranova, Katharina Peters, Eefjan Breukink, Martin Loose, and Waldemar Vollmer. “Real Time Monitoring of Peptidoglycan Synthesis by Membrane-Reconstituted Penicillin Binding Proteins.” ELife. eLife Sciences Publications, 2021. https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.61525.
V. M. Hernández-Rocamora, N. S. Baranova, K. Peters, E. Breukink, M. Loose, and W. Vollmer, “Real time monitoring of peptidoglycan synthesis by membrane-reconstituted penicillin binding proteins,” eLife, vol. 10. eLife Sciences Publications, 2021.
Hernández-Rocamora VM, Baranova NS, Peters K, Breukink E, Loose M, Vollmer W. 2021. Real time monitoring of peptidoglycan synthesis by membrane-reconstituted penicillin binding proteins. eLife. 10, 1–32.
Hernández-Rocamora, Víctor M., et al. “Real Time Monitoring of Peptidoglycan Synthesis by Membrane-Reconstituted Penicillin Binding Proteins.” ELife, vol. 10, 1–32, eLife Sciences Publications, 2021, doi:10.7554/eLife.61525.
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2021-03-22
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