Coherent conversion between microwave and optical photons - An overview of physical implementations

N.J. Lambert, A.R. Rueda Sanchez, F. Sedlmeir, H.G.L. Schwefel, Advanced Quantum Technologies 3 (2020).

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Journal Article | Published | English
Author
Lambert, Nicholas J.; Rueda Sanchez, Alfredo RIST Austria; Sedlmeir, Florian; Schwefel, Harald G. L.
Department
Abstract
Quantum information technology based on solid state qubits has created much interest in converting quantum states from the microwave to the optical domain. Optical photons, unlike microwave photons, can be transmitted by fiber, making them suitable for long distance quantum communication. Moreover, the optical domain offers access to a large set of very well‐developed quantum optical tools, such as highly efficient single‐photon detectors and long‐lived quantum memories. For a high fidelity microwave to optical transducer, efficient conversion at single photon level and low added noise is needed. Currently, the most promising approaches to build such systems are based on second‐order nonlinear phenomena such as optomechanical and electro‐optic interactions. Alternative approaches, although not yet as efficient, include magneto‐optical coupling and schemes based on isolated quantum systems like atoms, ions, or quantum dots. Herein, the necessary theoretical foundations for the most important microwave‐to‐optical conversion experiments are provided, their implementations are described, and the current limitations and future prospects are discussed.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2020-01-01
Journal Title
Advanced Quantum Technologies
Acknowledgement
The authors thank Amita Deb for useful comments on this manuscript. The authors acknowledge support from the MBIE of New Zealand Endeavour Smart Ideas fund. The reference numbers in Figure 8 were corrected in April 2020, after online publication.
Volume
3
Issue
1
Article Number
1900077
ISSN
IST-REx-ID

Cite this

Lambert NJ, Rueda Sanchez AR, Sedlmeir F, Schwefel HGL. Coherent conversion between microwave and optical photons - An overview of physical implementations. Advanced Quantum Technologies. 2020;3(1). doi:10.1002/qute.201900077
Lambert, N. J., Rueda Sanchez, A. R., Sedlmeir, F., & Schwefel, H. G. L. (2020). Coherent conversion between microwave and optical photons - An overview of physical implementations. Advanced Quantum Technologies. Wiley. https://doi.org/10.1002/qute.201900077
Lambert, Nicholas J., Alfredo R Rueda Sanchez, Florian Sedlmeir, and Harald G. L. Schwefel. “Coherent Conversion between Microwave and Optical Photons - An Overview of Physical Implementations.” Advanced Quantum Technologies. Wiley, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1002/qute.201900077.
N. J. Lambert, A. R. Rueda Sanchez, F. Sedlmeir, and H. G. L. Schwefel, “Coherent conversion between microwave and optical photons - An overview of physical implementations,” Advanced Quantum Technologies, vol. 3, no. 1. Wiley, 2020.
Lambert NJ, Rueda Sanchez AR, Sedlmeir F, Schwefel HGL. 2020. Coherent conversion between microwave and optical photons - An overview of physical implementations. Advanced Quantum Technologies. 3(1), 1900077.
Lambert, Nicholas J., et al. “Coherent Conversion between Microwave and Optical Photons - An Overview of Physical Implementations.” Advanced Quantum Technologies, vol. 3, no. 1, 1900077, Wiley, 2020, doi:10.1002/qute.201900077.
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2021-03-02
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