The rates of introgression and barriers to genetic exchange between hybridizing species: Sex chromosomes vs autosomes

Fraisse C, Sachdeva H. 2021. The rates of introgression and barriers to genetic exchange between hybridizing species: Sex chromosomes vs autosomes. Genetics. 217(2), iyaa025.


Journal Article | Published | English
Department
Abstract
Interspecific crossing experiments have shown that sex chromosomes play a major role in reproductive isolation between many pairs of species. However, their ability to act as reproductive barriers, which hamper interspecific genetic exchange, has rarely been evaluated quantitatively compared to Autosomes. This genome-wide limitation of gene flow is essential for understanding the complete separation of species, and thus speciation. Here, we develop a mainland-island model of secondary contact between hybridizing species of an XY (or ZW) sexual system. We obtain theoretical predictions for the frequency of introgressed alleles, and the strength of the barrier to neutral gene flow for the two types of chromosomes carrying multiple interspecific barrier loci. Theoretical predictions are obtained for scenarios where introgressed alleles are rare. We show that the same analytical expressions apply for sex chromosomes and autosomes, but with different sex-averaged effective parameters. The specific features of sex chromosomes (hemizygosity and absence of recombination in the heterogametic sex) lead to reduced levels of introgression on the X (or Z) compared to autosomes. This effect can be enhanced by certain types of sex-biased forces, but it remains overall small (except when alleles causing incompatibilities are recessive). We discuss these predictions in the light of empirical data comprising model-based tests of introgression and cline surveys in various biological systems.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2021-02-01
Journal Title
Genetics
Acknowledgement
The computations were performed with the IST Austria High-Performance Computing (HPC) Cluster and the Institut Français de Bioinformatique (IFB) Core Cluster. We are grateful to Nick Barton and Beatriz Vicoso for critical comments on the model and the manuscript. We also thank Brian Charlesworth, Stuart Baird, and an anonymous reviewer for insightful comments. C.F. was supported by an Austrian Science Foundation FWF grant (Project M 2463-B29).
Acknowledged SSUs
Volume
217
Issue
2
Article Number
iyaa025
ISSN
IST-REx-ID

Cite this

Fraisse C, Sachdeva H. The rates of introgression and barriers to genetic exchange between hybridizing species: Sex chromosomes vs autosomes. Genetics. 2021;217(2). doi:10.1093/genetics/iyaa025
Fraisse, C., & Sachdeva, H. (2021). The rates of introgression and barriers to genetic exchange between hybridizing species: Sex chromosomes vs autosomes. Genetics. Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/genetics/iyaa025
Fraisse, Christelle, and Himani Sachdeva. “The Rates of Introgression and Barriers to Genetic Exchange between Hybridizing Species: Sex Chromosomes vs Autosomes.” Genetics. Oxford University Press, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1093/genetics/iyaa025.
C. Fraisse and H. Sachdeva, “The rates of introgression and barriers to genetic exchange between hybridizing species: Sex chromosomes vs autosomes,” Genetics, vol. 217, no. 2. Oxford University Press, 2021.
Fraisse C, Sachdeva H. 2021. The rates of introgression and barriers to genetic exchange between hybridizing species: Sex chromosomes vs autosomes. Genetics. 217(2), iyaa025.
Fraisse, Christelle, and Himani Sachdeva. “The Rates of Introgression and Barriers to Genetic Exchange between Hybridizing Species: Sex Chromosomes vs Autosomes.” Genetics, vol. 217, no. 2, iyaa025, Oxford University Press, 2021, doi:10.1093/genetics/iyaa025.
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