Self‐aggregation of convective clouds with interactive sea surface temperature

Shamekh S, MULLER CJ, Duvel J ‐P., D’Andrea F. 2020. Self‐aggregation of convective clouds with interactive sea surface temperature. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems. 12(11), e2020MS002164.


Journal Article | Published | English
Author
Shamekh, S.; MULLER, Caroline JIST Austria; Duvel, J.‐P.; D'Andrea, F.
Abstract
This study investigates the feedbacks between an interactive sea surface temperature (SST) and the self‐aggregation of deep convective clouds, using a cloud‐resolving model in nonrotating radiative‐convective equilibrium. The ocean is modeled as one layer slab with a temporally fixed mean but spatially varying temperature. We find that the interactive SST decelerates the aggregation and that the deceleration is larger with a shallower slab, consistent with earlier studies. The surface temperature anomaly in dry regions is positive at first, thus opposing the diverging shallow circulation known to favor self‐aggregation, consistent with the slower aggregation. But surprisingly, the driest columns then have a negative SST anomaly, thus strengthening the diverging shallow circulation and favoring aggregation. This diverging circulation out of dry regions is found to be well correlated with the aggregation speed. It can be linked to a positive surface pressure anomaly (PSFC), itself the consequence of SST anomalies and boundary layer radiative cooling. The latter cools and dries the boundary layer, thus increasing PSFC anomalies through virtual effects and hydrostasy. Sensitivity experiments confirm the key role played by boundary layer radiative cooling in determining PSFC anomalies in dry regions, and thus the shallow diverging circulation and the aggregation speed.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2020-11-01
Journal Title
Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems
Volume
12
Issue
11
Article Number
e2020MS002164
IST-REx-ID

Cite this

Shamekh S, MULLER CJ, Duvel J ‐P., D’Andrea F. Self‐aggregation of convective clouds with interactive sea surface temperature. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems. 2020;12(11). doi:10.1029/2020ms002164
Shamekh, S., MULLER, C. J., Duvel, J. ‐P., & D’Andrea, F. (2020). Self‐aggregation of convective clouds with interactive sea surface temperature. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems. American Geophysical Union. https://doi.org/10.1029/2020ms002164
Shamekh, S., Caroline J MULLER, J.‐P. Duvel, and F. D’Andrea. “Self‐aggregation of Convective Clouds with Interactive Sea Surface Temperature.” Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems. American Geophysical Union, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1029/2020ms002164.
S. Shamekh, C. J. MULLER, J. ‐P. Duvel, and F. D’Andrea, “Self‐aggregation of convective clouds with interactive sea surface temperature,” Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, vol. 12, no. 11. American Geophysical Union, 2020.
Shamekh S, MULLER CJ, Duvel J ‐P., D’Andrea F. 2020. Self‐aggregation of convective clouds with interactive sea surface temperature. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems. 12(11), e2020MS002164.
Shamekh, S., et al. “Self‐aggregation of Convective Clouds with Interactive Sea Surface Temperature.” Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, vol. 12, no. 11, e2020MS002164, American Geophysical Union, 2020, doi:10.1029/2020ms002164.
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