Speciation in marine environments: Diving under the surface

R. Faria, K. Johannesson, S. Stankowski, Journal of Evolutionary Biology 34 (2021) 4–15.

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Journal Article | Published | English

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Author
Faria, Rui; Johannesson, Kerstin; Stankowski, SeanIST Austria
Department
Abstract
Marine environments are inhabited by a broad representation of the tree of life, yet our understanding of speciation in marine ecosystems is extremely limited compared with terrestrial and freshwater environments. Developing a more comprehensive picture of speciation in marine environments requires that we 'dive under the surface' by studying a wider range of taxa and ecosystems is necessary for a more comprehensive picture of speciation. Although studying marine evolutionary processes is often challenging, recent technological advances in different fields, from maritime engineering to genomics, are making it increasingly possible to study speciation of marine life forms across diverse ecosystems and taxa. Motivated by recent research in the field, including the 14 contributions in this issue, we highlight and discuss six axes of research that we think will deepen our understanding of speciation in the marine realm: (a) study a broader range of marine environments and organisms; (b) identify the reproductive barriers driving speciation between marine taxa; (c) understand the role of different genomic architectures underlying reproductive isolation; (d) infer the evolutionary history of divergence using model‐based approaches; (e) study patterns of hybridization and introgression between marine taxa; and (f) implement highly interdisciplinary, collaborative research programmes. In outlining these goals, we hope to inspire researchers to continue filling this critical knowledge gap surrounding the origins of marine biodiversity.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2021-01-18
Journal Title
Journal of Evolutionary Biology
Acknowledgement
We would like to thank all the participants in the speciation symposium of the Marine Evolution Conference in Sweden for the interesting discussions and to all the contributors to this special issue. We thank Nicolas Bierne and Wolf Blanckenhorn (reviewer and editor, respectively) for valuable suggestions during the revision of the manuscript, and Roger K. Butlin and Anja M. Westram for very helpful comments on a previous draft. We would also like to thank Wolf Blanckenhorn and Nicola Cook, the Editor in Chief and the Managing Editor of the Journal of Evolutionary Biology, respectively, for the encouragement and support in putting together this special issue, and to all reviewers involved. RF was financed by the European Union's Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme under the Marie Sklodowska-Curie Grant Agreement Number 706376 and is currently financed by the FEDER Funds through the Operational Competitiveness Factors Program COMPETE and by National Funds through the Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT) within the scope of the project ‘Hybrabbid' (PTDC/BIA-EVL/30628/2017-POCI-01-0145-FEDER-030628). KJ was funded by the Swedish Research Council, VR. SS was supported by NERC and ERC funding awarded to Roger K. Butlin.
Volume
34
Issue
1
Page
4-15
ISSN
eISSN
IST-REx-ID

Cite this

Faria R, Johannesson K, Stankowski S. Speciation in marine environments: Diving under the surface. Journal of Evolutionary Biology. 2021;34(1):4-15. doi:10.1111/jeb.13756
Faria, R., Johannesson, K., & Stankowski, S. (2021). Speciation in marine environments: Diving under the surface. Journal of Evolutionary Biology. Wiley. https://doi.org/10.1111/jeb.13756
Faria, Rui, Kerstin Johannesson, and Sean Stankowski. “Speciation in Marine Environments: Diving under the Surface.” Journal of Evolutionary Biology. Wiley, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1111/jeb.13756.
R. Faria, K. Johannesson, and S. Stankowski, “Speciation in marine environments: Diving under the surface,” Journal of Evolutionary Biology, vol. 34, no. 1. Wiley, pp. 4–15, 2021.
Faria R, Johannesson K, Stankowski S. 2021. Speciation in marine environments: Diving under the surface. Journal of Evolutionary Biology. 34(1), 4–15.
Faria, Rui, et al. “Speciation in Marine Environments: Diving under the Surface.” Journal of Evolutionary Biology, vol. 34, no. 1, Wiley, 2021, pp. 4–15, doi:10.1111/jeb.13756.
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