Dendritic cell actin dynamics control contact duration and priming efficiency at the immunological synapse

Leithner AF, Altenburger L, Hauschild R, Assen FP, Rottner K, TEB S, Diz-Muñoz A, Stein J, Sixt MK. 2021. Dendritic cell actin dynamics control contact duration and priming efficiency at the immunological synapse. Journal of Cell Biology. 220(4), e202006081.

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Journal Article | Published | English

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Author
Leithner, Alexander FIST Austria; Altenburger, LM; Hauschild, R; Assen, Frank PIST Austria; Rottner, K; TEB, Stradal; Diz-Muñoz, A; Stein, JV; Sixt, Michael KIST Austria
Department
Abstract
Dendritic cells (DCs) are crucial for the priming of naive T cells and the initiation of adaptive immunity. Priming is initiated at a heterologous cell–cell contact, the immunological synapse (IS). While it is established that F-actin dynamics regulates signaling at the T cell side of the contact, little is known about the cytoskeletal contribution on the DC side. Here, we show that the DC actin cytoskeleton is decisive for the formation of a multifocal synaptic structure, which correlates with T cell priming efficiency. DC actin at the IS appears in transient foci that are dynamized by the WAVE regulatory complex (WRC). The absence of the WRC in DCs leads to stabilized contacts with T cells, caused by an increase in ICAM1-integrin–mediated cell–cell adhesion. This results in lower numbers of activated and proliferating T cells, demonstrating an important role for DC actin in the regulation of immune synapse functionality.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2021-04-05
Journal Title
Journal of Cell Biology
Volume
220
Issue
4
Article Number
e202006081
IST-REx-ID

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Leithner AF, Altenburger L, Hauschild R, et al. Dendritic cell actin dynamics control contact duration and priming efficiency at the immunological synapse. Journal of Cell Biology. 2021;220(4). doi:10.1083/jcb.202006081
Leithner, A. F., Altenburger, L., Hauschild, R., Assen, F. P., Rottner, K., TEB, S., … Sixt, M. K. (2021). Dendritic cell actin dynamics control contact duration and priming efficiency at the immunological synapse. Journal of Cell Biology. Rockefeller University Press. https://doi.org/10.1083/jcb.202006081
Leithner, Alexander F, LM Altenburger, R Hauschild, Frank P Assen, K Rottner, Stradal TEB, A Diz-Muñoz, JV Stein, and Michael K Sixt. “Dendritic Cell Actin Dynamics Control Contact Duration and Priming Efficiency at the Immunological Synapse.” Journal of Cell Biology. Rockefeller University Press, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1083/jcb.202006081.
A. F. Leithner et al., “Dendritic cell actin dynamics control contact duration and priming efficiency at the immunological synapse,” Journal of Cell Biology, vol. 220, no. 4. Rockefeller University Press, 2021.
Leithner AF, Altenburger L, Hauschild R, Assen FP, Rottner K, TEB S, Diz-Muñoz A, Stein J, Sixt MK. 2021. Dendritic cell actin dynamics control contact duration and priming efficiency at the immunological synapse. Journal of Cell Biology. 220(4), e202006081.
Leithner, Alexander F., et al. “Dendritic Cell Actin Dynamics Control Contact Duration and Priming Efficiency at the Immunological Synapse.” Journal of Cell Biology, vol. 220, no. 4, e202006081, Rockefeller University Press, 2021, doi:10.1083/jcb.202006081.

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PMID: 33533935
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