Hydrodynamic capture of microswimmers into sphere-bound orbits

Takagi D, Palacci JA, Braunschweig AB, Shelley MJ, Zhang J. 2014. Hydrodynamic capture of microswimmers into sphere-bound orbits. Soft Matter. 10(11), 1784.


Journal Article | Published | English

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Author
Takagi, Daisuke; Palacci, Jérémie AIST Austria; Braunschweig, Adam B.; Shelley, Michael J.; Zhang, Jun
Abstract
Self-propelled particles can exhibit surprising non-equilibrium behaviors, and how they interact with obstacles or boundaries remains an important open problem. Here we show that chemically propelled micro-rods can be captured, with little change in their speed, into close orbits around solid spheres resting on or near a horizontal plane. We show that this interaction between sphere and particle is short-range, occurring even for spheres smaller than the particle length, and for a variety of sphere materials. We consider a simple model, based on lubrication theory, of a force- and torque-free swimmer driven by a surface slip (the phoretic propulsion mechanism) and moving near a solid surface. The model demonstrates capture, or movement towards the surface, and yields speeds independent of distance. This study reveals the crucial aspects of activity–driven interactions of self-propelled particles with passive objects, and brings into question the use of colloidal tracers as probes of active matter.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2014-03-21
Journal Title
Soft Matter
Volume
10
Issue
11
Article Number
1784
ISSN
eISSN
IST-REx-ID

Cite this

Takagi D, Palacci JA, Braunschweig AB, Shelley MJ, Zhang J. Hydrodynamic capture of microswimmers into sphere-bound orbits. Soft Matter. 2014;10(11). doi:10.1039/c3sm52815d
Takagi, D., Palacci, J. A., Braunschweig, A. B., Shelley, M. J., & Zhang, J. (2014). Hydrodynamic capture of microswimmers into sphere-bound orbits. Soft Matter. Royal Society of Chemistry . https://doi.org/10.1039/c3sm52815d
Takagi, Daisuke, Jérémie A Palacci, Adam B. Braunschweig, Michael J. Shelley, and Jun Zhang. “Hydrodynamic Capture of Microswimmers into Sphere-Bound Orbits.” Soft Matter. Royal Society of Chemistry , 2014. https://doi.org/10.1039/c3sm52815d.
D. Takagi, J. A. Palacci, A. B. Braunschweig, M. J. Shelley, and J. Zhang, “Hydrodynamic capture of microswimmers into sphere-bound orbits,” Soft Matter, vol. 10, no. 11. Royal Society of Chemistry , 2014.
Takagi D, Palacci JA, Braunschweig AB, Shelley MJ, Zhang J. 2014. Hydrodynamic capture of microswimmers into sphere-bound orbits. Soft Matter. 10(11), 1784.
Takagi, Daisuke, et al. “Hydrodynamic Capture of Microswimmers into Sphere-Bound Orbits.” Soft Matter, vol. 10, no. 11, 1784, Royal Society of Chemistry , 2014, doi:10.1039/c3sm52815d.
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PMID: 24800268
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