In many basic shear flows, such as pipe, Couette, and channel flow, turbulence does not arise from an instability of the laminar state, and both dynamical states co-exist. With decreasing flow speed (i.e., decreasing Reynolds number) the fraction of fluid in laminar motion increases while turbulence recedes and eventually the entire flow relaminarizes. The first step towards understanding the nature of this transition is to determine if the phase change is of either first or second order. In the former case, the turbulent fraction would drop discontinuously to zero as the Reynolds number decreases while in the latter the process would be continuous. For Couette flow, the flow between two parallel plates, earlier studies suggest a discontinuous scenario. In the present study we realize a Couette flow between two concentric cylinders which allows studies to be carried out in large aspect ratios and for extensive observation times. The presented measurements show that the transition in this circular Couette geometry is continuous suggesting that former studies were limited by finite size effects. A further characterization of this transition, in particular its relation to the directed percolation universality class, requires even larger system sizes than presently available.
This research was funded by the Central Research Development Fund of the University of Bremen grant number ZF04B /2019/FB04 Avila_Kerstin (“Independent Project for Postdocs”). Shreyas Jalikop is acknowledged for recording some of the lifetime measurements
Avila K, Hof B. Second-order phase transition in counter-rotating taylor-couette flow experiment. Entropy. 2021;23(1). doi:10.3390/e23010058
Avila, K., & Hof, B. (2021). Second-order phase transition in counter-rotating taylor-couette flow experiment. Entropy. MDPI. https://doi.org/10.3390/e23010058
Avila, Kerstin, and Björn Hof. “Second-Order Phase Transition in Counter-Rotating Taylor-Couette Flow Experiment.” Entropy. MDPI, 2021. https://doi.org/10.3390/e23010058.
K. Avila and B. Hof, “Second-order phase transition in counter-rotating taylor-couette flow experiment,” Entropy, vol. 23, no. 1. MDPI, 2021.
Avila K, Hof B. 2021. Second-order phase transition in counter-rotating taylor-couette flow experiment. Entropy. 23(1), 58.
Avila, Kerstin, and Björn Hof. “Second-Order Phase Transition in Counter-Rotating Taylor-Couette Flow Experiment.” Entropy, vol. 23, no. 1, 58, MDPI, 2021, doi:10.3390/e23010058.
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