Cryo-electron tomography structure of Arp2/3 complex in cells reveals new insights into the branch junction

F. Fäßler, G.A. Dimchev, V.-V. Hodirnau, W. Wan, F.K. Schur, Nature Communications 11 (2020).

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Abstract
The actin-related protein (Arp)2/3 complex nucleates branched actin filament networks pivotal for cell migration, endocytosis and pathogen infection. Its activation is tightly regulated and involves complex structural rearrangements and actin filament binding, which are yet to be understood. Here, we report a 9.0 Å resolution structure of the actin filament Arp2/3 complex branch junction in cells using cryo-electron tomography and subtomogram averaging. This allows us to generate an accurate model of the active Arp2/3 complex in the branch junction and its interaction with actin filaments. Notably, our model reveals a previously undescribed set of interactions of the Arp2/3 complex with the mother filament, significantly different to the previous branch junction model. Our structure also indicates a central role for the ArpC3 subunit in stabilizing the active conformation.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2020-12-22
Journal Title
Nature Communications
Acknowledgement
This research was supported by the Scientific Service Units (SSUs) of IST Austria through resources provided by Scientific Computing (SciComp), the Life Science Facility (LSF), the BioImaging Facility (BIF), and the Electron Microscopy Facility (EMF). We also thank Dimitry Tegunov (MPI for Biophysical Chemistry) for helpful discussions about the M software, and Michael Sixt (IST Austria) and Klemens Rottner (Technical University Braunschweig, HZI Braunschweig) for critical reading of the manuscript. We also thank Gregory Voth (University of Chicago) for providing us the MD-derived branch junction model for comparison. The authors acknowledge support from IST Austria and from the Austrian Science Fund (FWF): M02495 to G.D. and Austrian Science Fund (FWF): P33367 to F.K.M.S.
Volume
11
Article Number
6437
ISSN
IST-REx-ID

Cite this

Fäßler F, Dimchev GA, Hodirnau V-V, Wan W, Schur FK. Cryo-electron tomography structure of Arp2/3 complex in cells reveals new insights into the branch junction. Nature Communications. 2020;11. doi:10.1038/s41467-020-20286-x
Fäßler, F., Dimchev, G. A., Hodirnau, V.-V., Wan, W., & Schur, F. K. (2020). Cryo-electron tomography structure of Arp2/3 complex in cells reveals new insights into the branch junction. Nature Communications. Springer Nature. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-20286-x
Fäßler, Florian, Georgi A Dimchev, Victor-Valentin Hodirnau, William Wan, and Florian KM Schur. “Cryo-Electron Tomography Structure of Arp2/3 Complex in Cells Reveals New Insights into the Branch Junction.” Nature Communications. Springer Nature, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-20286-x.
F. Fäßler, G. A. Dimchev, V.-V. Hodirnau, W. Wan, and F. K. Schur, “Cryo-electron tomography structure of Arp2/3 complex in cells reveals new insights into the branch junction,” Nature Communications, vol. 11. Springer Nature, 2020.
Fäßler F, Dimchev GA, Hodirnau V-V, Wan W, Schur FK. 2020. Cryo-electron tomography structure of Arp2/3 complex in cells reveals new insights into the branch junction. Nature Communications. 11, 6437.
Fäßler, Florian, et al. “Cryo-Electron Tomography Structure of Arp2/3 Complex in Cells Reveals New Insights into the Branch Junction.” Nature Communications, vol. 11, 6437, Springer Nature, 2020, doi:10.1038/s41467-020-20286-x.
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