Auxin is a major plant growth regulator, but current models on auxin perception and signaling cannot explain the whole plethora of auxin effects, in particular those associated with rapid responses. A possible candidate for a component of additional auxin perception mechanisms is the AUXIN BINDING PROTEIN 1 (ABP1), whose function in planta remains unclear. Here we combined expression analysis with gain- and loss-of-function approaches to analyze the role of ABP1 in plant development. ABP1 shows a broad expression largely overlapping with, but not regulated by, transcriptional auxin response activity. Furthermore, ABP1 activity is not essential for the transcriptional auxin signaling. Genetic in planta analysis revealed that abp1 loss-of-function mutants show largely normal development with minor defects in bolting. On the other hand, ABP1 gain-of-function alleles show a broad range of growth and developmental defects, including root and hypocotyl growth and bending, lateral root and leaf development, bolting, as well as response to heat stress. At the cellular level, ABP1 gain-of-function leads to impaired auxin effect on PIN polar distribution and affects BFA-sensitive PIN intracellular aggregation. The gain-of-function analysis suggests a broad, but still mechanistically unclear involvement of ABP1 in plant development, possibly masked in abp1 loss-of-function mutants by a functional redundancy.
We would like to acknowledge Bioimaging and Life Science Facilities at IST Austria for continuous support and also the Plant Sciences Core Facility of CEITEC Masaryk University for their support with obtaining a part of the scientific data. We gratefully acknowledge Lindy Abas for help with ABP1::GFP-ABP1 construct design. This project has received funding from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program [grant agreement no. 742985] and Austrian Science Fund (FWF) [I 3630-B25] to J.F.; DOC Fellowship of the Austrian Academy of Sciences to L.L.; the European Structural and Investment Funds, Operational Programme Research, Development and Education - Project „MSCAfellow@MUNI“ [CZ.02.2.69/0.0/0.0/17_050/0008496] to M.P.. This project was also supported by the Czech Science Foundation [GA 20-20860Y] to M.Z and MEYS CR [project no.CZ.02.1.01/0.0/0.0/16_019/0000738] to M. Č.
Gelová Z, Gallei MC, Pernisová M, et al. Developmental roles of auxin binding protein 1 in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Science. 2021;303. doi:10.1016/j.plantsci.2020.110750
Gelová, Z., Gallei, M. C., Pernisová, M., Brunoud, G., Zhang, X., Glanc, M., … Friml, J. (2021). Developmental roles of auxin binding protein 1 in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Science. Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plantsci.2020.110750
Gelová, Zuzana, Michelle C Gallei, Markéta Pernisová, Géraldine Brunoud, Xixi Zhang, Matous Glanc, Lanxin Li, et al. “Developmental Roles of Auxin Binding Protein 1 in Arabidopsis Thaliana.” Plant Science. Elsevier, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plantsci.2020.110750.
Z. Gelová et al., “Developmental roles of auxin binding protein 1 in Arabidopsis thaliana,” Plant Science, vol. 303. Elsevier, 2021.
Gelová Z, Gallei MC, Pernisová M, Brunoud G, Zhang X, Glanc M, Li L, Michalko J, Pavlovicova Z, Verstraeten I, Han H, Hajny J, Hauschild R, Čovanová M, Zwiewka M, Hörmayer L, Fendrych M, Xu T, Vernoux T, Friml J. 2021. Developmental roles of auxin binding protein 1 in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Science. 303, 110750.
Gelová, Zuzana, et al. “Developmental Roles of Auxin Binding Protein 1 in Arabidopsis Thaliana.” Plant Science, vol. 303, 110750, Elsevier, 2021, doi:10.1016/j.plantsci.2020.110750.
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