Salces-Castellano, Antonia; Stankowski, SeanIST Austria; Arribas, Paula; Patino, Jairo; Karger, Dirk N. ; Butlin, Roger; Emerson, Brent C.
Montane cloud forests are areas of high endemism, and are one of the more vulnerable terrestrial ecosystems to climate change. Thus, understanding how they both contribute to the generation of biodiversity, and will respond to ongoing climate change, are important and related challenges. The widely accepted model for montane cloud forest dynamics involves upslope forcing of their range limits with global climate warming. However, limited climate data provides some support for an alternative model, where range limits are forced downslope with climate warming. Testing between these two models is challenging, due to the inherent limitations of climate and pollen records. We overcome this with an alternative source of historical information, testing between competing model predictions using genomic data and demographic analyses for a species of beetle tightly associated to an oceanic island cloud forest. Results unequivocally support the alternative model: populations that were isolated at higher elevation peaks during the Last Glacial Maximum are now in contact and hybridizing at lower elevations. Our results suggest that genomic data are a rich source of information to further understand how montane cloud forest biodiversity originates, and how it is likely to be impacted by ongoing climate change.
This work was financed by the Spanish Agencia Estatal de Investigación (CGL2017‐85718‐P), awarded to BCE, and co‐financed by FEDER. It was also supported by the Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia, Innovación y Universidades (EQC2018‐004418‐P), awarded to BCE. AS‐C was funded by the Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia, Innovación y Universidades through an FPU PhD fellowship (FPU014/02948). The authors thank Instituto Tecnológico y de Energías Renovables (ITER), S.A for providing access to the Teide High‐Performance Computing facility (Teide‐HPC). Fieldwork was supported by collecting permit AFF 107/17 (sigma number 2017‐00572) kindly provided by the Cabildo of Tenerife. The authors wish to thank the following for field work and sample sorting and identification: A. J. Pérez‐Delgado, H. López, and C. Andújar. We also thank V. García‐Olivares for assistance with laboratory and bioinformatic work.
Salces-Castellano A, Stankowski S, Arribas P, et al. Long-term cloud forest response to climate warming revealed by insect speciation history. Evolution. 2021;75(22):231-244. doi:10.1111/evo.14111
Salces-Castellano, A., Stankowski, S., Arribas, P., Patino, J., Karger, D. N., Butlin, R., & Emerson, B. C. (2021). Long-term cloud forest response to climate warming revealed by insect speciation history. Evolution. Wiley. https://doi.org/10.1111/evo.14111
Salces-Castellano, Antonia, Sean Stankowski, Paula Arribas, Jairo Patino, Dirk N. Karger, Roger Butlin, and Brent C. Emerson. “Long-Term Cloud Forest Response to Climate Warming Revealed by Insect Speciation History.” Evolution. Wiley, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1111/evo.14111.
A. Salces-Castellano et al., “Long-term cloud forest response to climate warming revealed by insect speciation history,” Evolution, vol. 75, no. 22. Wiley, pp. 231–244, 2021.
Salces-Castellano A, Stankowski S, Arribas P, Patino J, Karger DN, Butlin R, Emerson BC. 2021. Long-term cloud forest response to climate warming revealed by insect speciation history. Evolution. 75(22), 231–244.
Salces-Castellano, Antonia, et al. “Long-Term Cloud Forest Response to Climate Warming Revealed by Insect Speciation History.” Evolution, vol. 75, no. 22, Wiley, 2021, pp. 231–44, doi:10.1111/evo.14111.