Animal development entails the organization of specific cell types in space and time, and spatial patterns must form in a robust manner. In the zebrafish spinal cord, neural progenitors form stereotypic patterns despite noisy morphogen signaling and large-scale cellular rearrangements during morphogenesis and growth. By directly measuring adhesion forces and preferences for three types of endogenous neural progenitors, we provide evidence for the differential adhesion model in which differences in intercellular adhesion mediate cell sorting. Cell type–specific combinatorial expression of different classes of cadherins (N-cadherin, cadherin 11, and protocadherin 19) results in homotypic preference ex vivo and patterning robustness in vivo. Furthermore, the differential adhesion code is regulated by the sonic hedgehog morphogen gradient. We propose that robust patterning during tissue morphogenesis results from interplay between adhesion-based self-organization and morphogen-directed patterning.
We thank the members of the Megason and Heisenberg labs for critical discussions of and technical assistance during the work and B. Appel, S. Holley, J. Jontes, and D. Gilmour for transgenic fish. This work is supported by the Damon Runyon Cancer Foundation, a NICHD K99 fellowship (1K99HD092623), a Travelling Fellowship of the Company of Biologists, a Collaborative Research grant from the Burroughs Wellcome Foundation (T.Y.-C.T.), NIH grant 01GM107733 (T.Y.-C.T. and S.G.M.), NIH grant R01NS102322 (T.C.-C. and H.K.), and an ERC advanced grant (MECSPEC) (C.-P.H.).
Tsai TY-C, Sikora MK, Xia P, et al. An adhesion code ensures robust pattern formation during tissue morphogenesis. Science. 2020;370(6512):113-116. doi:10.1126/science.aba6637
Tsai, T. Y.-C., Sikora, M. K., Xia, P., Colak-Champollion, T., Knaut, H., Heisenberg, C.-P. J., & Megason, S. G. (2020). An adhesion code ensures robust pattern formation during tissue morphogenesis. Science. American Association for the Advancement of Science. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aba6637
Tsai, Tony Y.-C., Mateusz K Sikora, Peng Xia, Tugba Colak-Champollion, Holger Knaut, Carl-Philipp J Heisenberg, and Sean G. Megason. “An Adhesion Code Ensures Robust Pattern Formation during Tissue Morphogenesis.” Science. American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aba6637.
T. Y.-C. Tsai et al., “An adhesion code ensures robust pattern formation during tissue morphogenesis,” Science, vol. 370, no. 6512. American Association for the Advancement of Science, pp. 113–116, 2020.
Tsai TY-C, Sikora MK, Xia P, Colak-Champollion T, Knaut H, Heisenberg C-PJ, Megason SG. 2020. An adhesion code ensures robust pattern formation during tissue morphogenesis. Science. 370(6512), 113–116.
Tsai, Tony Y. C., et al. “An Adhesion Code Ensures Robust Pattern Formation during Tissue Morphogenesis.” Science, vol. 370, no. 6512, American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2020, pp. 113–16, doi:10.1126/science.aba6637.
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