# Multi-dimensional long-run average problems for vector addition systems with states

Chatterjee K, Henzinger TA, Otop J. 2020. Multi-dimensional long-run average problems for vector addition systems with states. 31st International Conference on Concurrency Theory. CONCUR: Conference on Concurrency Theory, LIPIcs, vol. 171, 23.

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Author
Department
Series Title
LIPIcs
Abstract
A vector addition system with states (VASS) consists of a finite set of states and counters. A transition changes the current state to the next state, and every counter is either incremented, or decremented, or left unchanged. A state and value for each counter is a configuration; and a computation is an infinite sequence of configurations with transitions between successive configurations. A probabilistic VASS consists of a VASS along with a probability distribution over the transitions for each state. Qualitative properties such as state and configuration reachability have been widely studied for VASS. In this work we consider multi-dimensional long-run average objectives for VASS and probabilistic VASS. For a counter, the cost of a configuration is the value of the counter; and the long-run average value of a computation for the counter is the long-run average of the costs of the configurations in the computation. The multi-dimensional long-run average problem given a VASS and a threshold value for each counter, asks whether there is a computation such that for each counter the long-run average value for the counter does not exceed the respective threshold. For probabilistic VASS, instead of the existence of a computation, we consider whether the expected long-run average value for each counter does not exceed the respective threshold. Our main results are as follows: we show that the multi-dimensional long-run average problem (a) is NP-complete for integer-valued VASS; (b) is undecidable for natural-valued VASS (i.e., nonnegative counters); and (c) can be solved in polynomial time for probabilistic integer-valued VASS, and probabilistic natural-valued VASS when all computations are non-terminating.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2020-08-06
Proceedings Title
31st International Conference on Concurrency Theory
Volume
171
Article Number
23
Conference
CONCUR: Conference on Concurrency Theory
Conference Location
Virtual
Conference Date
2020-09-01 – 2020-09-04
ISBN
ISSN
IST-REx-ID

### Cite this

Chatterjee K, Henzinger TA, Otop J. Multi-dimensional long-run average problems for vector addition systems with states. In: 31st International Conference on Concurrency Theory. Vol 171. Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik; 2020. doi:10.4230/LIPIcs.CONCUR.2020.23
Chatterjee, K., Henzinger, T. A., & Otop, J. (2020). Multi-dimensional long-run average problems for vector addition systems with states. In 31st International Conference on Concurrency Theory (Vol. 171). Virtual: Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik. https://doi.org/10.4230/LIPIcs.CONCUR.2020.23
Chatterjee, Krishnendu, Thomas A Henzinger, and Jan Otop. “Multi-Dimensional Long-Run Average Problems for Vector Addition Systems with States.” In 31st International Conference on Concurrency Theory, Vol. 171. Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik, 2020. https://doi.org/10.4230/LIPIcs.CONCUR.2020.23.
K. Chatterjee, T. A. Henzinger, and J. Otop, “Multi-dimensional long-run average problems for vector addition systems with states,” in 31st International Conference on Concurrency Theory, Virtual, 2020, vol. 171.
Chatterjee K, Henzinger TA, Otop J. 2020. Multi-dimensional long-run average problems for vector addition systems with states. 31st International Conference on Concurrency Theory. CONCUR: Conference on Concurrency Theory, LIPIcs, vol. 171, 23.
Chatterjee, Krishnendu, et al. “Multi-Dimensional Long-Run Average Problems for Vector Addition Systems with States.” 31st International Conference on Concurrency Theory, vol. 171, 23, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik, 2020, doi:10.4230/LIPIcs.CONCUR.2020.23.
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2020-10-05
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arXiv 2007.08917