Kirkwood gaps and diffusion along mean motion resonances in the restricted planar three-body problem

Féjoz J, Guàrdia M, Kaloshin V, Roldán P. 2016. Kirkwood gaps and diffusion along mean motion resonances in the restricted planar three-body problem. Journal of the European Mathematical Society. 18(10), 2315–2403.

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Journal Article | Published | English
Author
Féjoz, Jacques; Guàrdia, Marcel; Kaloshin, VadimIST Austria ; Roldán, Pablo
Abstract
We study the dynamics of the restricted planar three-body problem near mean motion resonances, i.e. a resonance involving the Keplerian periods of the two lighter bodies revolving around the most massive one. This problem is often used to model Sun–Jupiter–asteroid systems. For the primaries (Sun and Jupiter), we pick a realistic mass ratio μ=10−3 and a small eccentricity e0>0. The main result is a construction of a variety of non local diffusing orbits which show a drastic change of the osculating (instant) eccentricity of the asteroid, while the osculating semi major axis is kept almost constant. The proof relies on the careful analysis of the circular problem, which has a hyperbolic structure, but for which diffusion is prevented by KAM tori. In the proof we verify certain non-degeneracy conditions numerically. Based on the work of Treschev, it is natural to conjecture that the time of diffusion for this problem is ∼−ln(μe0)μ3/2e0. We expect our instability mechanism to apply to realistic values of e0 and we give heuristic arguments in its favor. If so, the applicability of Nekhoroshev theory to the three-body problem as well as the long time stability become questionable. It is well known that, in the Asteroid Belt, located between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter, the distribution of asteroids has the so-called Kirkwood gaps exactly at mean motion resonances of low order. Our mechanism gives a possible explanation of their existence. To relate the existence of Kirkwood gaps with Arnol'd diffusion, we also state a conjecture on its existence for a typical ϵ-perturbation of the product of the pendulum and the rotator. Namely, we predict that a positive conditional measure of initial conditions concentrated in the main resonance exhibits Arnol’d diffusion on time scales −lnϵϵ2.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2016-09-19
Journal Title
Journal of the European Mathematical Society
Volume
18
Issue
10
Page
2315-2403
ISSN
IST-REx-ID

Cite this

Féjoz J, Guàrdia M, Kaloshin V, Roldán P. Kirkwood gaps and diffusion along mean motion resonances in the restricted planar three-body problem. Journal of the European Mathematical Society. 2016;18(10):2315-2403. doi:10.4171/jems/642
Féjoz, J., Guàrdia, M., Kaloshin, V., & Roldán, P. (2016). Kirkwood gaps and diffusion along mean motion resonances in the restricted planar three-body problem. Journal of the European Mathematical Society. European Mathematical Society Publishing House. https://doi.org/10.4171/jems/642
Féjoz, Jacques, Marcel Guàrdia, Vadim Kaloshin, and Pablo Roldán. “Kirkwood Gaps and Diffusion along Mean Motion Resonances in the Restricted Planar Three-Body Problem.” Journal of the European Mathematical Society. European Mathematical Society Publishing House, 2016. https://doi.org/10.4171/jems/642.
J. Féjoz, M. Guàrdia, V. Kaloshin, and P. Roldán, “Kirkwood gaps and diffusion along mean motion resonances in the restricted planar three-body problem,” Journal of the European Mathematical Society, vol. 18, no. 10. European Mathematical Society Publishing House, pp. 2315–2403, 2016.
Féjoz J, Guàrdia M, Kaloshin V, Roldán P. 2016. Kirkwood gaps and diffusion along mean motion resonances in the restricted planar three-body problem. Journal of the European Mathematical Society. 18(10), 2315–2403.
Féjoz, Jacques, et al. “Kirkwood Gaps and Diffusion along Mean Motion Resonances in the Restricted Planar Three-Body Problem.” Journal of the European Mathematical Society, vol. 18, no. 10, European Mathematical Society Publishing House, 2016, pp. 2315–403, doi:10.4171/jems/642.

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