Protein folding and unfolding studied at atomic resolution by fast two-dimensional NMR spectroscopy

Schanda P, Forge V, Brutscher B. 2007. Protein folding and unfolding studied at atomic resolution by fast two-dimensional NMR spectroscopy. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 104(27), 11257–11262.

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Journal Article | Published | English
Author
Schanda, PaulIST Austria ; Forge, V.; Brutscher, B.
Abstract
Atom-resolved real-time studies of kinetic processes in proteins have been hampered in the past by the lack of experimental techniques that yield sufficient temporal and atomic resolution. Here we present band-selective optimized flip-angle short transient (SOFAST) real-time 2D NMR spectroscopy, a method that allows simultaneous observation of reaction kinetics for a large number of nuclear sites along the polypeptide chain of a protein with an unprecedented time resolution of a few seconds. SOFAST real-time 2D NMR spectroscopy combines fast NMR data acquisition techniques with rapid sample mixing inside the NMR magnet to initiate the kinetic event. We demonstrate the use of SOFAST real-time 2D NMR to monitor the conformational transition of α-lactalbumin from a molten globular to the native state for a large number of amide sites along the polypeptide chain. The kinetic behavior observed for the disappearance of the molten globule and the appearance of the native state is monoexponential and uniform along the polypeptide chain. This observation confirms previous findings that a single transition state ensemble controls folding of α-lactalbumin from the molten globule to the native state. In a second application, the spontaneous unfolding of native ubiquitin under nondenaturing conditions is characterized by amide hydrogen exchange rate constants measured at high pH by using SOFAST real-time 2D NMR. Our data reveal that ubiquitin unfolds in a gradual manner with distinct unfolding regimes.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2007-07-03
Journal Title
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Volume
104
Issue
27
Page
11257-11262
ISSN
eISSN
IST-REx-ID

Cite this

Schanda P, Forge V, Brutscher B. Protein folding and unfolding studied at atomic resolution by fast two-dimensional NMR spectroscopy. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 2007;104(27):11257-11262. doi:10.1073/pnas.0702069104
Schanda, P., Forge, V., & Brutscher, B. (2007). Protein folding and unfolding studied at atomic resolution by fast two-dimensional NMR spectroscopy. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. National Academy of Sciences. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0702069104
Schanda, Paul, V. Forge, and B. Brutscher. “Protein Folding and Unfolding Studied at Atomic Resolution by Fast Two-Dimensional NMR Spectroscopy.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. National Academy of Sciences, 2007. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0702069104.
P. Schanda, V. Forge, and B. Brutscher, “Protein folding and unfolding studied at atomic resolution by fast two-dimensional NMR spectroscopy,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol. 104, no. 27. National Academy of Sciences, pp. 11257–11262, 2007.
Schanda P, Forge V, Brutscher B. 2007. Protein folding and unfolding studied at atomic resolution by fast two-dimensional NMR spectroscopy. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 104(27), 11257–11262.
Schanda, Paul, et al. “Protein Folding and Unfolding Studied at Atomic Resolution by Fast Two-Dimensional NMR Spectroscopy.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol. 104, no. 27, National Academy of Sciences, 2007, pp. 11257–62, doi:10.1073/pnas.0702069104.

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