IST Austria Thesis
Form versus function is a long-standing debate in various design-related fields, such as architecture as well as graphic and industrial design. A good design that balances form and function often requires considerable human effort and collaboration among experts from different professional fields. Computational design tools provide a new paradigm for designing functional objects. In computational design, form and function are represented as mathematical quantities, with the help of numerical and combinatorial algorithms, they can assist even novice users in designing versatile models that exhibit their desired functionality. This thesis presents three disparate research studies on the computational design of functional objects: The appearance of 3d print—we optimize the volumetric material distribution for faithfully replicating colored surface texture in 3d printing; the dynamic motion of mechanical structures— our design system helps the novice user to retarget various mechanical templates with different functionality to complex 3d shapes; and a more abstract functionality, multistability—our algorithm automatically generates models that exhibit multiple stable target poses. For each of these cases, our computational design tools not only ensure the functionality of the results but also permit the user aesthetic freedom over the form. Moreover, fabrication constraints were taken into account, which allow for the immediate creation of physical realization via 3D printing or laser cutting.
The research in this thesis has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme, under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement No 642841 (DISTRO) and the European Research Council grant agreement No 715767 (MATERIALIZABLE). All the research projects in this thesis were also supported by Scientific Service Units (SSUs) at IST Austria.
Zhang R. Structure-Aware Computational Design and Its Application to 3D Printable Volume Scattering, Mechanism, and Multistability. IST Austria; 2020. doi:10.15479/AT:ISTA:8386
Zhang, R. (2020). Structure-aware computational design and its application to 3D printable volume scattering, mechanism, and multistability. IST Austria. https://doi.org/10.15479/AT:ISTA:8386
Zhang, Ran. Structure-Aware Computational Design and Its Application to 3D Printable Volume Scattering, Mechanism, and Multistability. IST Austria, 2020. https://doi.org/10.15479/AT:ISTA:8386.
R. Zhang, Structure-aware computational design and its application to 3D printable volume scattering, mechanism, and multistability. IST Austria, 2020.
Zhang R. 2020. Structure-aware computational design and its application to 3D printable volume scattering, mechanism, and multistability, IST Austria, 148p.
Zhang, Ran. Structure-Aware Computational Design and Its Application to 3D Printable Volume Scattering, Mechanism, and Multistability. IST Austria, 2020, doi:10.15479/AT:ISTA:8386.
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