Expanding the genetic code: Unnatural base pairs in biological systems

S.A. Mukba, P. Vlasov, P.M. Kolosov, E.Y. Shuvalova, T.V. Egorova, E.Z. Alkalaeva, Molecular Biology 54 (2020) 475–484.

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Journal Article | Published | English

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Author
Mukba, S. A.; Vlasov, PetrIST Austria; Kolosov, P. M.; Shuvalova, E. Y.; Egorova, T. V.; Alkalaeva, E. Z.
Department
Abstract
The genetic code is considered to use five nucleic bases (adenine, guanine, cytosine, thymine and uracil), which form two pairs for encoding information in DNA and two pairs for encoding information in RNA. Nevertheless, in recent years several artificial base pairs have been developed in attempts to expand the genetic code. Employment of these additional base pairs increases the information capacity and variety of DNA sequences, and provides a platform for the site-specific, enzymatic incorporation of extra functional components into DNA and RNA. As a result, of the development of such expanded systems, many artificial base pairs have been synthesized and tested under various conditions. Following many stages of enhancement, unnatural base pairs have been modified to eliminate their weak points, qualifying them for specific research needs. Moreover, the first attempts to create a semi-synthetic organism containing DNA with unnatural base pairs seem to have been successful. This further extends the possible applications of these kinds of pairs. Herein, we describe the most significant qualities of unnatural base pairs and their actual applications.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2020-08-19
Journal Title
Molecular Biology
Acknowledgement
We would like to thank our co-workers and members of the Alkalaeva lab for participating in discussions about the topics covered in this essay.
Volume
54
Issue
4
Page
475-484
ISSN
eISSN
IST-REx-ID

Cite this

Mukba SA, Vlasov P, Kolosov PM, Shuvalova EY, Egorova TV, Alkalaeva EZ. Expanding the genetic code: Unnatural base pairs in biological systems. Molecular Biology. 2020;54(4):475-484. doi:10.1134/S0026893320040111
Mukba, S. A., Vlasov, P., Kolosov, P. M., Shuvalova, E. Y., Egorova, T. V., & Alkalaeva, E. Z. (2020). Expanding the genetic code: Unnatural base pairs in biological systems. Molecular Biology, 54(4), 475–484. https://doi.org/10.1134/S0026893320040111
Mukba, S. A., Petr Vlasov, P. M. Kolosov, E. Y. Shuvalova, T. V. Egorova, and E. Z. Alkalaeva. “Expanding the Genetic Code: Unnatural Base Pairs in Biological Systems.” Molecular Biology 54, no. 4 (2020): 475–84. https://doi.org/10.1134/S0026893320040111.
S. A. Mukba, P. Vlasov, P. M. Kolosov, E. Y. Shuvalova, T. V. Egorova, and E. Z. Alkalaeva, “Expanding the genetic code: Unnatural base pairs in biological systems,” Molecular Biology, vol. 54, no. 4, pp. 475–484, 2020.
Mukba SA, Vlasov P, Kolosov PM, Shuvalova EY, Egorova TV, Alkalaeva EZ. 2020. Expanding the genetic code: Unnatural base pairs in biological systems. Molecular Biology. 54(4), 475–484.
Mukba, S. A., et al. “Expanding the Genetic Code: Unnatural Base Pairs in Biological Systems.” Molecular Biology, vol. 54, no. 4, Springer Nature, 2020, pp. 475–84, doi:10.1134/S0026893320040111.

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