Cell-type specificity of genomic imprinting in cerebral cortex

S. Laukoter, F. Pauler, R.J. Beattie, N. Amberg, A.H. Hansen, C. Streicher, T. Penz, C. Bock, S. Hippenmeyer, Neuron 107 (2020) 1160–1179.e9.

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In mammalian genomes, a subset of genes is regulated by genomic imprinting, resulting in silencing of one parental allele. Imprinting is essential for cerebral cortex development, but prevalence and functional impact in individual cells is unclear. Here, we determined allelic expression in cortical cell types and established a quantitative platform to interrogate imprinting in single cells. We created cells with uniparental chromosome disomy (UPD) containing two copies of either the maternal or the paternal chromosome; hence, imprinted genes will be 2-fold overexpressed or not expressed. By genetic labeling of UPD, we determined cellular phenotypes and transcriptional responses to deregulated imprinted gene expression at unprecedented single-cell resolution. We discovered an unexpected degree of cell-type specificity and a novel function of imprinting in the regulation of cortical astrocyte survival. More generally, our results suggest functional relevance of imprinted gene expression in glial astrocyte lineage and thus for generating cortical cell-type diversity.
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We thank A. Heger (IST Austria Preclinical Facility), A. Sommer and C. Czepe (VBCF GmbH, NGS Unit), and A. Seitz and P. Moll (Lexogen GmbH) for technical support; G. Arque, S. Resch, C. Igler, C. Dotter, C. Yahya, Q. Hudson, and D. Andergassen for initial experiments and/or assistance; D. Barlow, O. Bell, and all members of the Hippenmeyer lab for discussion; and N. Barton, B. Vicoso, M. Sixt, and L. Luo for comments on earlier versions of the manuscript. This research was supported by the Scientific Service Units (SSU) of IST Austria through resources provided by the Bioimaging Facilities (BIF), Life Science Facilities (LSF), and Preclinical Facilities (PCF). A.H.H. is a recipient of a DOC fellowship (24812) of the Austrian Academy of Sciences. N.A. received support from the FWF Firnberg-Programm (T 1031). R.B. received support from the FWF Meitner-Programm (M 2416). This work was also supported by IST Austria institutional funds; a NÖ Forschung und Bildung n[f+b] life science call grant (C13-002) to S.H.; a program grant from the Human Frontiers Science Program (RGP0053/2014) to S.H.; the People Programme (Marie Curie Actions) of the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) under REA grant agreement 618444 to S.H.; and the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program (grant agreement 725780 LinPro) to S.H.

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Laukoter S, Pauler F, Beattie RJ, et al. Cell-type specificity of genomic imprinting in cerebral cortex. Neuron. 2020;107(6):1160-1179.e9. doi:10.1016/j.neuron.2020.06.031
Laukoter, S., Pauler, F., Beattie, R. J., Amberg, N., Hansen, A. H., Streicher, C., … Hippenmeyer, S. (2020). Cell-type specificity of genomic imprinting in cerebral cortex. Neuron. Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuron.2020.06.031
Laukoter, Susanne, Florian Pauler, Robert J Beattie, Nicole Amberg, Andi H Hansen, Carmen Streicher, Thomas Penz, Christoph Bock, and Simon Hippenmeyer. “Cell-Type Specificity of Genomic Imprinting in Cerebral Cortex.” Neuron. Elsevier, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuron.2020.06.031.
S. Laukoter et al., “Cell-type specificity of genomic imprinting in cerebral cortex,” Neuron, vol. 107, no. 6. Elsevier, p. 1160–1179.e9, 2020.
Laukoter S, Pauler F, Beattie RJ, Amberg N, Hansen AH, Streicher C, Penz T, Bock C, Hippenmeyer S. 2020. Cell-type specificity of genomic imprinting in cerebral cortex. Neuron. 107(6), 1160–1179.e9.
Laukoter, Susanne, et al. “Cell-Type Specificity of Genomic Imprinting in Cerebral Cortex.” Neuron, vol. 107, no. 6, Elsevier, 2020, p. 1160–1179.e9, doi:10.1016/j.neuron.2020.06.031.
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