Phytohormone cytokinin guides microtubule dynamics during cell progression from proliferative to differentiated stage

J.C. Montesinos López, A. Abuzeineh, A. Kopf, A. Juanes Garcia, K. Ötvös, J. Petrášek, M.K. Sixt, E. Benková, The Embo Journal (2020).

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Journal Article | Epub ahead of print | English

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Abstract
Cell production and differentiation for the acquisition of specific functions are key features of living systems. The dynamic network of cellular microtubules provides the necessary platform to accommodate processes associated with the transition of cells through the individual phases of cytogenesis. Here, we show that the plant hormone cytokinin fine‐tunes the activity of the microtubular cytoskeleton during cell differentiation and counteracts microtubular rearrangements driven by the hormone auxin. The endogenous upward gradient of cytokinin activity along the longitudinal growth axis in Arabidopsis thaliana roots correlates with robust rearrangements of the microtubule cytoskeleton in epidermal cells progressing from the proliferative to the differentiation stage. Controlled increases in cytokinin activity result in premature re‐organization of the microtubule network from transversal to an oblique disposition in cells prior to their differentiation, whereas attenuated hormone perception delays cytoskeleton conversion into a configuration typical for differentiated cells. Intriguingly, cytokinin can interfere with microtubules also in animal cells, such as leukocytes, suggesting that a cytokinin‐sensitive control pathway for the microtubular cytoskeleton may be at least partially conserved between plant and animal cells.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2020-07-15
Journal Title
The Embo Journal
Acknowledgement
We thank Takashi Aoyama, David Alabadi, and Bert De Rybel for sharing material, Jiří Friml, Maciek Adamowski, and Katerina Schwarzerová for inspiring discussions, and Martine De Cock for help in preparing the manuscript. This research was supported by the Scientific Service Units (SSUs) of IST Austria through resources provided by the Bioimaging Facility (BIF), especially to Robert Hauschild; and the Life Science Facility (LSF). J.C.M. is the recipient of a EMBO Long‐Term Fellowship (ALTF number 710‐2016). This work was supported with MEYS CR, project no.CZ.02.1.01/0.0/0.0/16_019/0000738 to J.P., and by the Austrian Science Fund (FWF01_I1774S) to E.B.
Article Number
e104238
IST-REx-ID

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Montesinos López JC, Abuzeineh A, Kopf A, et al. Phytohormone cytokinin guides microtubule dynamics during cell progression from proliferative to differentiated stage. The Embo Journal. 2020. doi:10.15252/embj.2019104238
Montesinos López, J. C., Abuzeineh, A., Kopf, A., Juanes Garcia, A., Ötvös, K., Petrášek, J., … Benková, E. (2020). Phytohormone cytokinin guides microtubule dynamics during cell progression from proliferative to differentiated stage. The Embo Journal. https://doi.org/10.15252/embj.2019104238
Montesinos López, Juan C, A Abuzeineh, Aglaja Kopf, Alba Juanes Garcia, Krisztina Ötvös, J Petrášek, Michael K Sixt, and Eva Benková. “Phytohormone Cytokinin Guides Microtubule Dynamics during Cell Progression from Proliferative to Differentiated Stage.” The Embo Journal, 2020. https://doi.org/10.15252/embj.2019104238.
J. C. Montesinos López et al., “Phytohormone cytokinin guides microtubule dynamics during cell progression from proliferative to differentiated stage,” The Embo Journal, 2020.
Montesinos López JC, Abuzeineh A, Kopf A, Juanes Garcia A, Ötvös K, Petrášek J, Sixt MK, Benková E. 2020. Phytohormone cytokinin guides microtubule dynamics during cell progression from proliferative to differentiated stage. The Embo Journal.
Montesinos López, Juan C., et al. “Phytohormone Cytokinin Guides Microtubule Dynamics during Cell Progression from Proliferative to Differentiated Stage.” The Embo Journal, e104238, Embo Press, 2020, doi:10.15252/embj.2019104238.
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2020-07-22


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