The cytoskeletal regulator HEM1 governs B cell development and prevents autoimmunity

E. Salzer, S. Zoghi, M.G. Kiss, F. Kage, C. Rashkova, S. Stahnke, M. Haimel, R. Platzer, M. Caldera, R.C. Ardy, B. Hoeger, J. Block, D. Medgyesi, C. Sin, S. Shahkarami, R. Kain, V. Ziaee, P. Hammerl, C. Bock, J. Menche, L. Dupré, J.B. Huppa, M.K. Sixt, A. Lomakin, K. Rottner, C.J. Binder, T.E.B. Stradal, N. Rezaei, K. Boztug, Science Immunology 5 (2020).

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Journal Article | Published | English

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Author
Salzer, Elisabeth; Zoghi, Samaneh; Kiss, Máté G.; Kage, Frieda; Rashkova, Christina; Stahnke, Stephanie; Haimel, Matthias; Platzer, René; Caldera, Michael; Ardy, Rico Chandra; Hoeger, Birgit; Block, Jana
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Department
Abstract
The WAVE regulatory complex (WRC) is crucial for assembly of the peripheral branched actin network constituting one of the main drivers of eukaryotic cell migration. Here, we uncover an essential role of the hematopoietic-specific WRC component HEM1 for immune cell development. Germline-encoded HEM1 deficiency underlies an inborn error of immunity with systemic autoimmunity, at cellular level marked by WRC destabilization, reduced filamentous actin, and failure to assemble lamellipodia. Hem1−/− mice display systemic autoimmunity, phenocopying the human disease. In the absence of Hem1, B cells become deprived of extracellular stimuli necessary to maintain the strength of B cell receptor signaling at a level permissive for survival of non-autoreactive B cells. This shifts the balance of B cell fate choices toward autoreactive B cells and thus autoimmunity.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2020-07-10
Journal Title
Science Immunology
Volume
5
Issue
49
Article Number
eabc3979
eISSN
IST-REx-ID

Cite this

Salzer E, Zoghi S, Kiss MG, et al. The cytoskeletal regulator HEM1 governs B cell development and prevents autoimmunity. Science Immunology. 2020;5(49). doi:10.1126/sciimmunol.abc3979
Salzer, E., Zoghi, S., Kiss, M. G., Kage, F., Rashkova, C., Stahnke, S., … Boztug, K. (2020). The cytoskeletal regulator HEM1 governs B cell development and prevents autoimmunity. Science Immunology, 5(49). https://doi.org/10.1126/sciimmunol.abc3979
Salzer, Elisabeth, Samaneh Zoghi, Máté G. Kiss, Frieda Kage, Christina Rashkova, Stephanie Stahnke, Matthias Haimel, et al. “The Cytoskeletal Regulator HEM1 Governs B Cell Development and Prevents Autoimmunity.” Science Immunology 5, no. 49 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1126/sciimmunol.abc3979.
E. Salzer et al., “The cytoskeletal regulator HEM1 governs B cell development and prevents autoimmunity,” Science Immunology, vol. 5, no. 49, 2020.
Salzer E, Zoghi S, Kiss MG, Kage F, Rashkova C, Stahnke S, Haimel M, Platzer R, Caldera M, Ardy RC, Hoeger B, Block J, Medgyesi D, Sin C, Shahkarami S, Kain R, Ziaee V, Hammerl P, Bock C, Menche J, Dupré L, Huppa JB, Sixt MK, Lomakin A, Rottner K, Binder CJ, Stradal TEB, Rezaei N, Boztug K. 2020. The cytoskeletal regulator HEM1 governs B cell development and prevents autoimmunity. Science Immunology. 5(49).
Salzer, Elisabeth, et al. “The Cytoskeletal Regulator HEM1 Governs B Cell Development and Prevents Autoimmunity.” Science Immunology, vol. 5, no. 49, eabc3979, AAAS, 2020, doi:10.1126/sciimmunol.abc3979.

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