Critical dynamics and coupling in bursts of cortical rhythms indicate non-homeostatic mechanism for sleep-stage transitions and dual role of VLPO neurons in both sleep and wake

F. Lombardi, M. Gómez-Extremera, P. Bernaola-Galván, R. Vetrivelan, C.B. Saper, T.E. Scammell, P.C. Ivanov, Journal of Neuroscience 40 (2020) 171–190.

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Journal Article | Published | English

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Author
Lombardi, FabrizioIST Austria ; Gómez-Extremera, Manuel; Bernaola-Galván, Pedro; Vetrivelan, Ramalingam; Saper, Clifford B.; Scammell, Thomas E.; Ivanov, Plamen Ch.
Department
Abstract
Origin and functions of intermittent transitions among sleep stages, including brief awakenings and arousals, constitute a challenge to the current homeostatic framework for sleep regulation, focusing on factors modulating sleep over large time scales. Here we propose that the complex micro-architecture characterizing sleep on scales of seconds and minutes results from intrinsic non-equilibrium critical dynamics. We investigate θ- and δ-wave dynamics in control rats and in rats where the sleep-promoting ventrolateral preoptic nucleus (VLPO) is lesioned (male Sprague-Dawley rats). We demonstrate that bursts in θ and δ cortical rhythms exhibit complex temporal organization, with long-range correlations and robust duality of power-law (θ-bursts, active phase) and exponential-like (δ-bursts, quiescent phase) duration distributions, features typical of non-equilibrium systems self-organizing at criticality. We show that such non-equilibrium behavior relates to anti-correlated coupling between θ- and δ-bursts, persists across a range of time scales, and is independent of the dominant physiologic state; indications of a basic principle in sleep regulation. Further, we find that VLPO lesions lead to a modulation of cortical dynamics resulting in altered dynamical parameters of θ- and δ-bursts and significant reduction in θ–δ coupling. Our empirical findings and model simulations demonstrate that θ–δ coupling is essential for the emerging non-equilibrium critical dynamics observed across the sleep–wake cycle, and indicate that VLPO neurons may have dual role for both sleep and arousal/brief wake activation. The uncovered critical behavior in sleep- and wake-related cortical rhythms indicates a mechanism essential for the micro-architecture of spontaneous sleep-stage and arousal transitions within a novel, non-homeostatic paradigm of sleep regulation.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2020-01-02
Journal Title
Journal of Neuroscience
Volume
40
Issue
1
Page
171-190
IST-REx-ID

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Lombardi F, Gómez-Extremera M, Bernaola-Galván P, et al. Critical dynamics and coupling in bursts of cortical rhythms indicate non-homeostatic mechanism for sleep-stage transitions and dual role of VLPO neurons in both sleep and wake. Journal of Neuroscience. 2020;40(1):171-190. doi:10.1523/jneurosci.1278-19.2019
Lombardi, F., Gómez-Extremera, M., Bernaola-Galván, P., Vetrivelan, R., Saper, C. B., Scammell, T. E., & Ivanov, P. C. (2020). Critical dynamics and coupling in bursts of cortical rhythms indicate non-homeostatic mechanism for sleep-stage transitions and dual role of VLPO neurons in both sleep and wake. Journal of Neuroscience, 40(1), 171–190. https://doi.org/10.1523/jneurosci.1278-19.2019
Lombardi, Fabrizio, Manuel Gómez-Extremera, Pedro Bernaola-Galván, Ramalingam Vetrivelan, Clifford B. Saper, Thomas E. Scammell, and Plamen Ch. Ivanov. “Critical Dynamics and Coupling in Bursts of Cortical Rhythms Indicate Non-Homeostatic Mechanism for Sleep-Stage Transitions and Dual Role of VLPO Neurons in Both Sleep and Wake.” Journal of Neuroscience 40, no. 1 (2020): 171–90. https://doi.org/10.1523/jneurosci.1278-19.2019.
F. Lombardi et al., “Critical dynamics and coupling in bursts of cortical rhythms indicate non-homeostatic mechanism for sleep-stage transitions and dual role of VLPO neurons in both sleep and wake,” Journal of Neuroscience, vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 171–190, 2020.
Lombardi F, Gómez-Extremera M, Bernaola-Galván P, Vetrivelan R, Saper CB, Scammell TE, Ivanov PC. 2020. Critical dynamics and coupling in bursts of cortical rhythms indicate non-homeostatic mechanism for sleep-stage transitions and dual role of VLPO neurons in both sleep and wake. Journal of Neuroscience. 40(1), 171–190.
Lombardi, Fabrizio, et al. “Critical Dynamics and Coupling in Bursts of Cortical Rhythms Indicate Non-Homeostatic Mechanism for Sleep-Stage Transitions and Dual Role of VLPO Neurons in Both Sleep and Wake.” Journal of Neuroscience, vol. 40, no. 1, Society for Neuroscience, 2020, pp. 171–90, doi:10.1523/jneurosci.1278-19.2019.
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