Neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs) are a class of disorders affecting brain development and function and are characterized by wide genetic and clinical variability. In this review, we discuss the multiple factors that influence the clinical presentation of NDDs, with particular attention to gene vulnerability, mutational load, and the two-hit model. Despite the complex architecture of mutational events associated with NDDs, the various proteins involved appear to converge on common pathways, such as synaptic plasticity/function, chromatin remodelers and the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway. A thorough understanding of the mechanisms behind these pathways will hopefully lead to the identification of candidates that could be targeted for treatment approaches.
Trends in Neurosciences
We wish to thank Jasmin Morandell for generously sharing Figure 2. This work was supported by the European Research Council Starting Grant (grant 715508 ) to G.N.
Parenti I, Garcia Rabaneda LE, Schön H, Novarino G. Neurodevelopmental disorders: From genetics to functional pathways. Trends in Neurosciences. 2020;43(8):608-621. doi:10.1016/j.tins.2020.05.004
Parenti, I., Garcia Rabaneda, L. E., Schön, H., & Novarino, G. (2020). Neurodevelopmental disorders: From genetics to functional pathways. Trends in Neurosciences. Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tins.2020.05.004
Parenti, Ilaria, Luis E Garcia Rabaneda, Hanna Schön, and Gaia Novarino. “Neurodevelopmental Disorders: From Genetics to Functional Pathways.” Trends in Neurosciences. Elsevier, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tins.2020.05.004.
I. Parenti, L. E. Garcia Rabaneda, H. Schön, and G. Novarino, “Neurodevelopmental disorders: From genetics to functional pathways,” Trends in Neurosciences, vol. 43, no. 8. Elsevier, pp. 608–621, 2020.
Parenti I, Garcia Rabaneda LE, Schön H, Novarino G. 2020. Neurodevelopmental disorders: From genetics to functional pathways. Trends in Neurosciences. 43(8), 608–621.
Parenti, Ilaria, et al. “Neurodevelopmental Disorders: From Genetics to Functional Pathways.” Trends in Neurosciences, vol. 43, no. 8, Elsevier, 2020, pp. 608–21, doi:10.1016/j.tins.2020.05.004.
All files available under the following license(s):
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0):