Loss of Ena/VASP interferes with lamellipodium architecture, motility and integrin-dependent adhesion

J. Damiano-Guercio, L. Kurzawa, J. Müller, G.A. Dimchev, M. Schaks, M. Nemethova, T. Pokrant, S. Brühmann, J. Linkner, L. Blanchoin, M.K. Sixt, K. Rottner, J. Faix, ELife 9 (2020) e55351.

Download
OA 10.54 MB

Journal Article | Published | English
Author
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
All
Department
Abstract
Cell migration entails networks and bundles of actin filaments termed lamellipodia and microspikes or filopodia, respectively, as well as focal adhesions, all of which recruit Ena/VASP family members hitherto thought to antagonize efficient cell motility. However, we find these proteins to act as positive regulators of migration in different murine cell lines. CRISPR/Cas9-mediated loss of Ena/VASP proteins reduced lamellipodial actin assembly and perturbed lamellipodial architecture, as evidenced by changed network geometry as well as reduction of filament length and number that was accompanied by abnormal Arp2/3 complex and heterodimeric capping protein accumulation. Loss of Ena/VASP function also abolished the formation of microspikes normally embedded in lamellipodia, but not of filopodia capable of emanating without lamellipodia. Ena/VASP-deficiency also impaired integrin-mediated adhesion accompanied by reduced traction forces exerted through these structures. Our data thus uncover novel Ena/VASP functions of these actin polymerases that are fully consistent with their promotion of cell migration.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2020-05-11
Journal Title
eLife
Volume
9
Article Number
e55351
eISSN
IST-REx-ID

Cite this

Damiano-Guercio J, Kurzawa L, Müller J, et al. Loss of Ena/VASP interferes with lamellipodium architecture, motility and integrin-dependent adhesion. eLife. 2020;9:e55351. doi:10.7554/eLife.55351
Damiano-Guercio, J., Kurzawa, L., Müller, J., Dimchev, G. A., Schaks, M., Nemethova, M., … Faix, J. (2020). Loss of Ena/VASP interferes with lamellipodium architecture, motility and integrin-dependent adhesion. ELife, 9, e55351. https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.55351
Damiano-Guercio, Julia, Laëtitia Kurzawa, Jan Müller, Georgi A Dimchev, Matthias Schaks, Maria Nemethova, Thomas Pokrant, et al. “Loss of Ena/VASP Interferes with Lamellipodium Architecture, Motility and Integrin-Dependent Adhesion.” ELife 9 (2020): e55351. https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.55351.
J. Damiano-Guercio et al., “Loss of Ena/VASP interferes with lamellipodium architecture, motility and integrin-dependent adhesion,” eLife, vol. 9, p. e55351, 2020.
Damiano-Guercio J, Kurzawa L, Müller J, Dimchev GA, Schaks M, Nemethova M, Pokrant T, Brühmann S, Linkner J, Blanchoin L, Sixt MK, Rottner K, Faix J. 2020. Loss of Ena/VASP interferes with lamellipodium architecture, motility and integrin-dependent adhesion. eLife. 9, e55351.
Damiano-Guercio, Julia, et al. “Loss of Ena/VASP Interferes with Lamellipodium Architecture, Motility and Integrin-Dependent Adhesion.” ELife, vol. 9, eLife Sciences Publications, 2020, p. e55351, doi:10.7554/eLife.55351.
All files available under the following license(s):
Creative Commons License:
CC-BYCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0)
Main File(s)
Access Level
OA Open Access
Last Uploaded
2020-06-02T10:35:37Z


Export

Marked Publications

Open Data IST Research Explorer

Search this title in

Google Scholar