Cell migration entails networks and bundles of actin filaments termed lamellipodia and microspikes or filopodia, respectively, as well as focal adhesions, all of which recruit Ena/VASP family members hitherto thought to antagonize efficient cell motility. However, we find these proteins to act as positive regulators of migration in different murine cell lines. CRISPR/Cas9-mediated loss of Ena/VASP proteins reduced lamellipodial actin assembly and perturbed lamellipodial architecture, as evidenced by changed network geometry as well as reduction of filament length and number that was accompanied by abnormal Arp2/3 complex and heterodimeric capping protein accumulation. Loss of Ena/VASP function also abolished the formation of microspikes normally embedded in lamellipodia, but not of filopodia capable of emanating without lamellipodia. Ena/VASP-deficiency also impaired integrin-mediated adhesion accompanied by reduced traction forces exerted through these structures. Our data thus uncover novel Ena/VASP functions of these actin polymerases that are fully consistent with their promotion of cell migration.
Damiano-Guercio J, Kurzawa L, Müller J, et al. Loss of Ena/VASP interferes with lamellipodium architecture, motility and integrin-dependent adhesion. eLife. 2020;9:e55351. doi:10.7554/eLife.55351
Damiano-Guercio, J., Kurzawa, L., Müller, J., Dimchev, G. A., Schaks, M., Nemethova, M., … Faix, J. (2020). Loss of Ena/VASP interferes with lamellipodium architecture, motility and integrin-dependent adhesion. ELife, 9, e55351. https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.55351
Damiano-Guercio, Julia, Laëtitia Kurzawa, Jan Müller, Georgi A Dimchev, Matthias Schaks, Maria Nemethova, Thomas Pokrant, et al. “Loss of Ena/VASP Interferes with Lamellipodium Architecture, Motility and Integrin-Dependent Adhesion.” ELife 9 (2020): e55351. https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.55351.
J. Damiano-Guercio et al., “Loss of Ena/VASP interferes with lamellipodium architecture, motility and integrin-dependent adhesion,” eLife, vol. 9, p. e55351, 2020.
Damiano-Guercio J, Kurzawa L, Müller J, Dimchev GA, Schaks M, Nemethova M, Pokrant T, Brühmann S, Linkner J, Blanchoin L, Sixt MK, Rottner K, Faix J. 2020. Loss of Ena/VASP interferes with lamellipodium architecture, motility and integrin-dependent adhesion. eLife. 9, e55351.
Damiano-Guercio, Julia, et al. “Loss of Ena/VASP Interferes with Lamellipodium Architecture, Motility and Integrin-Dependent Adhesion.” ELife, vol. 9, eLife Sciences Publications, 2020, p. e55351, doi:10.7554/eLife.55351.
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