Microtubules control cellular shape and coherence in amoeboid migrating cells

Kopf A, Renkawitz J, Hauschild R, Girkontaite I, Tedford K, Merrin J, Thorn-Seshold O, Trauner D, Häcker H, Fischer KD, Kiermaier E, Sixt MK. 2020. Microtubules control cellular shape and coherence in amoeboid migrating cells. The Journal of Cell Biology. 219(6), e201907154.

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Abstract
Cells navigating through complex tissues face a fundamental challenge: while multiple protrusions explore different paths, the cell needs to avoid entanglement. How a cell surveys and then corrects its own shape is poorly understood. Here, we demonstrate that spatially distinct microtubule dynamics regulate amoeboid cell migration by locally promoting the retraction of protrusions. In migrating dendritic cells, local microtubule depolymerization within protrusions remote from the microtubule organizing center triggers actomyosin contractility controlled by RhoA and its exchange factor Lfc. Depletion of Lfc leads to aberrant myosin localization, thereby causing two effects that rate-limit locomotion: (1) impaired cell edge coordination during path finding and (2) defective adhesion resolution. Compromised shape control is particularly hindering in geometrically complex microenvironments, where it leads to entanglement and ultimately fragmentation of the cell body. We thus demonstrate that microtubules can act as a proprioceptive device: they sense cell shape and control actomyosin retraction to sustain cellular coherence.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2020-06-01
Journal Title
The Journal of Cell Biology
Acknowledgement
The authors thank the Scientific Service Units (Life Sciences, Bioimaging, Preclinical) of the Institute of Science and Technology Austria for excellent support. This work was funded by the European Research Council (ERC StG 281556 and CoG 724373), two grants from the Austrian Science Fund (FWF; P29911 and DK Nanocell W1250-B20 to M. Sixt) and by the German Research Foundation (DFG SFB1032 project B09) to O. Thorn-Seshold and D. Trauner. J. Renkawitz was supported by ISTFELLOW funding from the People Program (Marie Curie Actions) of the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) under the Research Executive Agency grant agreement (291734) and a European Molecular Biology Organization long-term fellowship (ALTF 1396-2014) co-funded by the European Commission (LTFCOFUND2013, GA-2013-609409), E. Kiermaier by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) under Germany’s Excellence Strategy—EXC 2151—390873048, and H. Hacker by the American Lebanese Syrian Associated ¨Charities. K.-D. Fischer was supported by the Analysis, Imaging and Modelling of Neuronal and Inflammatory Processes graduate school funded by the Ministry of Economics, Science, and Digitisation of the State Saxony-Anhalt and by the European Funds for Social and Regional Development.
Volume
219
Issue
6
Article Number
e201907154
eISSN
IST-REx-ID

Cite this

Kopf A, Renkawitz J, Hauschild R, et al. Microtubules control cellular shape and coherence in amoeboid migrating cells. The Journal of Cell Biology. 2020;219(6). doi:10.1083/jcb.201907154
Kopf, A., Renkawitz, J., Hauschild, R., Girkontaite, I., Tedford, K., Merrin, J., … Sixt, M. K. (2020). Microtubules control cellular shape and coherence in amoeboid migrating cells. The Journal of Cell Biology. Rockefeller University Press. https://doi.org/10.1083/jcb.201907154
Kopf, Aglaja, Jörg Renkawitz, Robert Hauschild, Irute Girkontaite, Kerry Tedford, Jack Merrin, Oliver Thorn-Seshold, et al. “Microtubules Control Cellular Shape and Coherence in Amoeboid Migrating Cells.” The Journal of Cell Biology. Rockefeller University Press, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1083/jcb.201907154.
A. Kopf et al., “Microtubules control cellular shape and coherence in amoeboid migrating cells,” The Journal of Cell Biology, vol. 219, no. 6. Rockefeller University Press, 2020.
Kopf A, Renkawitz J, Hauschild R, Girkontaite I, Tedford K, Merrin J, Thorn-Seshold O, Trauner D, Häcker H, Fischer KD, Kiermaier E, Sixt MK. 2020. Microtubules control cellular shape and coherence in amoeboid migrating cells. The Journal of Cell Biology. 219(6), e201907154.
Kopf, Aglaja, et al. “Microtubules Control Cellular Shape and Coherence in Amoeboid Migrating Cells.” The Journal of Cell Biology, vol. 219, no. 6, e201907154, Rockefeller University Press, 2020, doi:10.1083/jcb.201907154.
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