Lineage tracing and clonal analysis in developing cerebral cortex using mosaic analysis with double markers (MADM)

R.J. Beattie, C. Streicher, N. Amberg, G.T. Cheung, X. Contreras, A.H. Hansen, S. Hippenmeyer, Journal of Visual Experiments (JoVE) (2020).

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Journal Article | Published | English

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Abstract
Beginning from a limited pool of progenitors, the mammalian cerebral cortex forms highly organized functional neural circuits. However, the underlying cellular and molecular mechanisms regulating lineage transitions of neural stem cells (NSCs) and eventual production of neurons and glia in the developing neuroepithelium remains unclear. Methods to trace NSC division patterns and map the lineage of clonally related cells have advanced dramatically. However, many contemporary lineage tracing techniques suffer from the lack of cellular resolution of progeny cell fate, which is essential for deciphering progenitor cell division patterns. Presented is a protocol using mosaic analysis with double markers (MADM) to perform in vivo clonal analysis. MADM concomitantly manipulates individual progenitor cells and visualizes precise division patterns and lineage progression at unprecedented single cell resolution. MADM-based interchromosomal recombination events during the G2-X phase of mitosis, together with temporally inducible CreERT2, provide exact information on the birth dates of clones and their division patterns. Thus, MADM lineage tracing provides unprecedented qualitative and quantitative optical readouts of the proliferation mode of stem cell progenitors at the single cell level. MADM also allows for examination of the mechanisms and functional requirements of candidate genes in NSC lineage progression. This method is unique in that comparative analysis of control and mutant subclones can be performed in the same tissue environment in vivo. Here, the protocol is described in detail, and experimental paradigms to employ MADM for clonal analysis and lineage tracing in the developing cerebral cortex are demonstrated. Importantly, this protocol can be adapted to perform MADM clonal analysis in any murine stem cell niche, as long as the CreERT2 driver is present.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2020-05-08
Journal Title
Journal of Visual Experiments (JoVE)
Issue
159
Article Number
e61147
ISSN
IST-REx-ID

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Beattie RJ, Streicher C, Amberg N, et al. Lineage tracing and clonal analysis in developing cerebral cortex using mosaic analysis with double markers (MADM). Journal of Visual Experiments (JoVE). 2020;(159). doi:10.3791/61147
Beattie, R. J., Streicher, C., Amberg, N., Cheung, G. T., Contreras, X., Hansen, A. H., & Hippenmeyer, S. (2020). Lineage tracing and clonal analysis in developing cerebral cortex using mosaic analysis with double markers (MADM). Journal of Visual Experiments (JoVE), (159). https://doi.org/10.3791/61147
Beattie, Robert J, Carmen Streicher, Nicole Amberg, Giselle T Cheung, Ximena Contreras, Andi H Hansen, and Simon Hippenmeyer. “Lineage Tracing and Clonal Analysis in Developing Cerebral Cortex Using Mosaic Analysis with Double Markers (MADM).” Journal of Visual Experiments (JoVE), no. 159 (2020). https://doi.org/10.3791/61147.
R. J. Beattie et al., “Lineage tracing and clonal analysis in developing cerebral cortex using mosaic analysis with double markers (MADM),” Journal of Visual Experiments (JoVE), no. 159, 2020.
Beattie RJ, Streicher C, Amberg N, Cheung GT, Contreras X, Hansen AH, Hippenmeyer S. 2020. Lineage tracing and clonal analysis in developing cerebral cortex using mosaic analysis with double markers (MADM). Journal of Visual Experiments (JoVE). (159).
Beattie, Robert J., et al. “Lineage Tracing and Clonal Analysis in Developing Cerebral Cortex Using Mosaic Analysis with Double Markers (MADM).” Journal of Visual Experiments (JoVE), no. 159, e61147, 2020, doi:10.3791/61147.
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2020-05-11
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