NDUFS4 deletion triggers loss of NDUFA12 in Ndufs4−/− mice and Leigh syndrome patients: A stabilizing role for NDUFAF2

M.J.W. Adjobo-Hermans, R. De Haas, P.H.G.M. Willems, A. Wojtala, S.E. Van Emst-De Vries, J.A. Wagenaars, M. Van Den Brand, R.J. Rodenburg, J.A.M. Smeitink, L.G. Nijtmans, L.A. Sazanov, M.R. Wieckowski, W.J.H. Koopman, Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Bioenergetics 1861 (2020).

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Author
Adjobo-Hermans, Merel J.W.; De Haas, Ria; Willems, Peter H.G.M.; Wojtala, Aleksandra; Van Emst-De Vries, Sjenet E.; Wagenaars, Jori A.; Van Den Brand, Mariel; Rodenburg, Richard J.; Smeitink, Jan A.M.; Nijtmans, Leo G.; Sazanov, Leonid AIST Austria ; Wieckowski, Mariusz R.
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Abstract
Mutations in NDUFS4, which encodes an accessory subunit of mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) complex I (CI), induce Leigh syndrome (LS). LS is a poorly understood pediatric disorder featuring brain-specific anomalies and early death. To study the LS pathomechanism, we here compared OXPHOS proteomes between various Ndufs4−/− mouse tissues. Ndufs4−/− animals displayed significantly lower CI subunit levels in brain/diaphragm relative to other tissues (liver/heart/kidney/skeletal muscle), whereas other OXPHOS subunit levels were not reduced. Absence of NDUFS4 induced near complete absence of the NDUFA12 accessory subunit, a 50% reduction in other CI subunit levels, and an increase in specific CI assembly factors. Among the latter, NDUFAF2 was most highly increased. Regarding NDUFS4, NDUFA12 and NDUFAF2, identical results were obtained in Ndufs4−/− mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) and NDUFS4-mutated LS patient cells. Ndufs4−/− MEFs contained active CI in situ but blue-native-PAGE highlighted that NDUFAF2 attached to an inactive CI subcomplex (CI-830) and inactive assemblies of higher MW. In NDUFA12-mutated LS patient cells, NDUFA12 absence did not reduce NDUFS4 levels but triggered NDUFAF2 association to active CI. BN-PAGE revealed no such association in LS patient fibroblasts with mutations in other CI subunit-encoding genes where NDUFAF2 was attached to CI-830 (NDUFS1, NDUFV1 mutation) or not detected (NDUFS7 mutation). Supported by enzymological and CI in silico structural analysis, we conclude that absence of NDUFS4 induces near complete absence of NDUFA12 but not vice versa, and that NDUFAF2 stabilizes active CI in Ndufs4−/− mice and LS patient cells, perhaps in concert with mitochondrial inner membrane lipids.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2020-04-23
Journal Title
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Bioenergetics
Volume
1861
Issue
8
Article Number
148213
ISSN
eISSN
IST-REx-ID

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Adjobo-Hermans MJW, De Haas R, Willems PHGM, et al. NDUFS4 deletion triggers loss of NDUFA12 in Ndufs4−/− mice and Leigh syndrome patients: A stabilizing role for NDUFAF2. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Bioenergetics. 2020;1861(8). doi:10.1016/j.bbabio.2020.148213
Adjobo-Hermans, M. J. W., De Haas, R., Willems, P. H. G. M., Wojtala, A., Van Emst-De Vries, S. E., Wagenaars, J. A., … Koopman, W. J. H. (2020). NDUFS4 deletion triggers loss of NDUFA12 in Ndufs4−/− mice and Leigh syndrome patients: A stabilizing role for NDUFAF2. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Bioenergetics, 1861(8). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbabio.2020.148213
Adjobo-Hermans, Merel J.W., Ria De Haas, Peter H.G.M. Willems, Aleksandra Wojtala, Sjenet E. Van Emst-De Vries, Jori A. Wagenaars, Mariel Van Den Brand, et al. “NDUFS4 Deletion Triggers Loss of NDUFA12 in Ndufs4−/− Mice and Leigh Syndrome Patients: A Stabilizing Role for NDUFAF2.” Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Bioenergetics 1861, no. 8 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbabio.2020.148213.
M. J. W. Adjobo-Hermans et al., “NDUFS4 deletion triggers loss of NDUFA12 in Ndufs4−/− mice and Leigh syndrome patients: A stabilizing role for NDUFAF2,” Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Bioenergetics, vol. 1861, no. 8, 2020.
Adjobo-Hermans MJW, De Haas R, Willems PHGM, Wojtala A, Van Emst-De Vries SE, Wagenaars JA, Van Den Brand M, Rodenburg RJ, Smeitink JAM, Nijtmans LG, Sazanov LA, Wieckowski MR, Koopman WJH. 2020. NDUFS4 deletion triggers loss of NDUFA12 in Ndufs4−/− mice and Leigh syndrome patients: A stabilizing role for NDUFAF2. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Bioenergetics. 1861(8).
Adjobo-Hermans, Merel J. W., et al. “NDUFS4 Deletion Triggers Loss of NDUFA12 in Ndufs4−/− Mice and Leigh Syndrome Patients: A Stabilizing Role for NDUFAF2.” Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Bioenergetics, vol. 1861, no. 8, 148213, Elsevier, 2020, doi:10.1016/j.bbabio.2020.148213.
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