Directional auxin fluxes in plants by intramolecular domain‐domain co‐evolution of PIN auxin transporters

Y. Zhang, C. Hartinger, X. Wang, J. Friml, New Phytologist (2020).


Journal Article | Epub ahead of print | English

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Abstract
* Morphogenesis and adaptive tropic growth in plants depend on gradients of the phytohormone auxin, mediated by the membrane‐based PIN‐FORMED (PIN) auxin transporters. PINs localize to a particular side of the plasma membrane (PM) or to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to directionally transport auxin and maintain intercellular and intracellular auxin homeostasis, respectively. However, the molecular cues that confer their diverse cellular localizations remain largely unknown. * In this study, we systematically swapped the domains between ER‐ and PM‐localized PIN proteins, as well as between apical and basal PM‐localized PINs from Arabidopsis thaliana , to shed light on why PIN family members with similar topological structures reside at different membrane compartments within cells. * Our results show that not only do the N‐ and C‐terminal transmembrane domains (TMDs) and central hydrophilic loop contribute to their differential subcellular localizations and cellular polarity, but that the pairwise‐matched N‐ and C‐terminal TMDs resulting from intramolecular domain–domain coevolution are also crucial for their divergent patterns of localization. * These findings illustrate the complexity of the evolutionary path of PIN proteins in acquiring their plethora of developmental functions and adaptive growth in plants.
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Date Published
2020-04-29
Journal Title
New Phytologist
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Zhang Y, Hartinger C, Wang X, Friml J. Directional auxin fluxes in plants by intramolecular domain‐domain co‐evolution of PIN auxin transporters. New Phytologist. 2020. doi:10.1111/nph.16629
Zhang, Y., Hartinger, C., Wang, X., & Friml, J. (2020). Directional auxin fluxes in plants by intramolecular domain‐domain co‐evolution of PIN auxin transporters. New Phytologist. https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.16629
Zhang, Yuzhou, Corinna Hartinger, Xiaojuan Wang, and Jiří Friml. “Directional Auxin Fluxes in Plants by Intramolecular Domain‐domain Co‐evolution of PIN Auxin Transporters.” New Phytologist, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.16629.
Y. Zhang, C. Hartinger, X. Wang, and J. Friml, “Directional auxin fluxes in plants by intramolecular domain‐domain co‐evolution of PIN auxin transporters,” New Phytologist, 2020.
Zhang Y, Hartinger C, Wang X, Friml J. 2020. Directional auxin fluxes in plants by intramolecular domain‐domain co‐evolution of PIN auxin transporters. New Phytologist.
Zhang, Yuzhou, et al. “Directional Auxin Fluxes in Plants by Intramolecular Domain‐domain Co‐evolution of PIN Auxin Transporters.” New Phytologist, Wiley, 2020, doi:10.1111/nph.16629.
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