Generalizing the decomposition of a connected planar graph into a tree and a dual tree, we prove a combinatorial analog of the classic Helmholtz–Hodge decomposition of a smooth vector field. Specifically, we show that for every polyhedral complex, K, and every dimension, p, there is a partition of the set of p-cells into a maximal p-tree, a maximal p-cotree, and a collection of p-cells whose cardinality is the p-th reduced Betti number of K. Given an ordering of the p-cells, this tri-partition is unique, and it can be computed by a matrix reduction algorithm that also constructs canonical bases of cycle and boundary groups.
Discrete and Computational Geometry
This project has received funding from the European Research Council under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (Grant Agreement No. 78818 Alpha). It is also partially supported by the DFG Collaborative Research Center TRR 109, ‘Discretization in Geometry and Dynamics’, through Grant No. I02979-N35 of the Austrian Science Fund (FWF).
Edelsbrunner H, Ölsböck K. Tri-partitions and bases of an ordered complex. Discrete and Computational Geometry. 2020;64:759-775. doi:10.1007/s00454-020-00188-x
Edelsbrunner, H., & Ölsböck, K. (2020). Tri-partitions and bases of an ordered complex. Discrete and Computational Geometry. Springer Nature. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00454-020-00188-x
Edelsbrunner, Herbert, and Katharina Ölsböck. “Tri-Partitions and Bases of an Ordered Complex.” Discrete and Computational Geometry. Springer Nature, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00454-020-00188-x.
H. Edelsbrunner and K. Ölsböck, “Tri-partitions and bases of an ordered complex,” Discrete and Computational Geometry, vol. 64. Springer Nature, pp. 759–775, 2020.
Edelsbrunner H, Ölsböck K. 2020. Tri-partitions and bases of an ordered complex. Discrete and Computational Geometry. 64, 759–775.
Edelsbrunner, Herbert, and Katharina Ölsböck. “Tri-Partitions and Bases of an Ordered Complex.” Discrete and Computational Geometry, vol. 64, Springer Nature, 2020, pp. 759–75, doi:10.1007/s00454-020-00188-x.
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