We introduce “state space persistence analysis” for deducing the symbolic dynamics of time series data obtained from high-dimensional chaotic attractors. To this end, we adapt a topological data analysis technique known as persistent homology for the characterization of state space projections of chaotic trajectories and periodic orbits. By comparing the shapes along a chaotic trajectory to those of the periodic orbits, state space persistence analysis quantifies the shape similarity of chaotic trajectory segments and periodic orbits. We demonstrate the method by applying it to the three-dimensional Rössler system and a 30-dimensional discretization of the Kuramoto–Sivashinsky partial differential equation in (1+1) dimensions. One way of studying chaotic attractors systematically is through their symbolic dynamics, in which one partitions the state space into qualitatively different regions and assigns a symbol to each such region.1–3 This yields a “coarse-grained” state space of the system, which can then be reduced to a Markov chain encoding all possible transitions between the states of the system. While it is possible to obtain the symbolic dynamics of low-dimensional chaotic systems with standard tools such as Poincaré maps, when applied to high-dimensional systems such as turbulent flows, these tools alone are not sufficient to determine symbolic dynamics.4,5 In this paper, we develop “state space persistence analysis” and demonstrate that it can be utilized to infer the symbolic dynamics in very high-dimensional settings.
Yalniz G, Budanur NB. Inferring symbolic dynamics of chaotic flows from persistence. Chaos. 2020;30(3):033109. doi:10.1063/1.5122969
Yalniz, G., & Budanur, N. B. (2020). Inferring symbolic dynamics of chaotic flows from persistence. Chaos, 30(3), 033109. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5122969
Yalniz, Gökhan, and Nazmi B Budanur. “Inferring Symbolic Dynamics of Chaotic Flows from Persistence.” Chaos 30, no. 3 (2020): 033109. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5122969.
G. Yalniz and N. B. Budanur, “Inferring symbolic dynamics of chaotic flows from persistence,” Chaos, vol. 30, no. 3, p. 033109, 2020.
Yalniz G, Budanur NB. 2020. Inferring symbolic dynamics of chaotic flows from persistence. Chaos. 30(3), 033109.
Yalniz, Gökhan, and Nazmi B. Budanur. “Inferring Symbolic Dynamics of Chaotic Flows from Persistence.” Chaos, vol. 30, no. 3, AIP Publishing, 2020, p. 033109, doi:10.1063/1.5122969.