Plant survival depends on vascular tissues, which originate in a self‐organizing manner as strands of cells co‐directionally transporting the plant hormone auxin. The latter phenomenon (also known as auxin canalization) is classically hypothesized to be regulated by auxin itself via the effect of this hormone on the polarity of its own intercellular transport. Correlative observations supported this concept, but molecular insights remain limited. In the current study, we established an experimental system based on the model Arabidopsis thaliana, which exhibits auxin transport channels and formation of vasculature strands in response to local auxin application. Our methodology permits the genetic analysis of auxin canalization under controllable experimental conditions. By utilizing this opportunity, we confirmed the dependence of auxin canalization on a PIN‐dependent auxin transport and nuclear, TIR1/AFB‐mediated auxin signaling. We also show that leaf venation and auxin‐mediated PIN repolarization in the root require TIR1/AFB signaling. Further studies based on this experimental system are likely to yield better understanding of the mechanisms underlying auxin transport polarization in other developmental contexts.
We thank Mark Estelle, José M. Alonso and the Arabidopsis Stock Centre for providing seeds. We acknowledge the core facility CELLIM of CEITEC supported by the MEYS CR (LM2015062 Czech‐BioImaging) and Plant Sciences Core Facility of CEITEC Masaryk University for help in generating essential data. This project received funding from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program (grant agreement no. 742985) and the Czech Science Foundation GAČR (GA13‐40637S and GA18‐26981S) to JF. JH is the recipient of a DOC Fellowship of the Austrian Academy of Sciences at the Institute of Science and Technology. The authors declare no competing interests.
Mazur E, Kulik I, Hajny J, Friml J. Auxin canalization and vascular tissue formation by TIR1/AFB-mediated auxin signaling in arabidopsis. New Phytologist. 2020;226(5):1375-1383. doi:10.1111/nph.16446
Mazur, E., Kulik, I., Hajny, J., & Friml, J. (2020). Auxin canalization and vascular tissue formation by TIR1/AFB-mediated auxin signaling in arabidopsis. New Phytologist. Wiley. https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.16446
Mazur, E, Ivan Kulik, Jakub Hajny, and Jiří Friml. “Auxin Canalization and Vascular Tissue Formation by TIR1/AFB-Mediated Auxin Signaling in Arabidopsis.” New Phytologist. Wiley, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.16446.
E. Mazur, I. Kulik, J. Hajny, and J. Friml, “Auxin canalization and vascular tissue formation by TIR1/AFB-mediated auxin signaling in arabidopsis,” New Phytologist, vol. 226, no. 5. Wiley, pp. 1375–1383, 2020.
Mazur E, Kulik I, Hajny J, Friml J. 2020. Auxin canalization and vascular tissue formation by TIR1/AFB-mediated auxin signaling in arabidopsis. New Phytologist. 226(5), 1375–1383.
Mazur, E., et al. “Auxin Canalization and Vascular Tissue Formation by TIR1/AFB-Mediated Auxin Signaling in Arabidopsis.” New Phytologist, vol. 226, no. 5, Wiley, 2020, pp. 1375–83, doi:10.1111/nph.16446.
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