Long-range temporal correlations in the broadband resting state activity of the human brain revealed by neuronal avalanches

F. Lombardi, O. Shriki, H.J. Herrmann, L. de Arcangelis, BioRxiv (2020).

Preprint | Published | English
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Abstract
Resting-state brain activity is characterized by the presence of neuronal avalanches showing absence of characteristic size. Such evidence has been interpreted in the context of criticality and associated with the normal functioning of the brain. At criticality, a crucial role is played by long-range power-law correlations. Thus, to verify the hypothesis that the brain operates close to a critical point and consequently assess deviations from criticality for diagnostic purposes, it is of primary importance to robustly and reliably characterize correlations in resting-state brain activity. Recent works focused on the analysis of narrow band electroencephalography (EEG) and magnetoencephalography (MEG) signal amplitude envelope, showing evidence of long-range temporal correlations (LRTC) in neural oscillations. However, this approach is not suitable for assessing long-range correlations in broadband resting-state cortical signals. To overcome such limitation, here we propose to characterize the correlations in the broadband brain activity through the lens of neuronal avalanches. To this end, we consider resting-state EEG and long-term MEG recordings, extract the corresponding neuronal avalanche sequences, and study their temporal correlations. We demonstrate that the broadband resting-state brain activity consistently exhibits long-range power-law correlations in both EEG and MEG recordings, with similar values of the scaling exponents. Importantly, although we observe that avalanche size distribution depends on scale parameters, scaling exponents characterizing long-range correlations are quite robust. In particular, they are independent of the temporal binning (scale of analysis), indicating that our analysis captures intrinsic characteristics of the underlying dynamics. Because neuronal avalanches constitute a fundamental feature of neural systems with universal characteristics, the proposed approach may serve as a general, systems- and experiment-independent procedure to infer the existence of underlying long-range correlations in extended neural systems, and identify pathological behaviors in the complex spatio-temporal interplay of cortical rhythms.
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Date Published
2020-02-03
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bioRxiv
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Cite this

Lombardi F, Shriki O, Herrmann HJ, de Arcangelis L. Long-range temporal correlations in the broadband resting state activity of the human brain revealed by neuronal avalanches. bioRxiv. 2020.
Lombardi, F., Shriki, O., Herrmann, H. J., & de Arcangelis, L. (2020). Long-range temporal correlations in the broadband resting state activity of the human brain revealed by neuronal avalanches. BioRxiv. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory.
Lombardi, Fabrizio, Oren Shriki, Hans J Herrmann, and Lucilla de Arcangelis. “Long-Range Temporal Correlations in the Broadband Resting State Activity of the Human Brain Revealed by Neuronal Avalanches.” BioRxiv. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, 2020.
F. Lombardi, O. Shriki, H. J. Herrmann, and L. de Arcangelis, “Long-range temporal correlations in the broadband resting state activity of the human brain revealed by neuronal avalanches,” bioRxiv. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, 2020.
Lombardi F, Shriki O, Herrmann HJ, de Arcangelis L. 2020. Long-range temporal correlations in the broadband resting state activity of the human brain revealed by neuronal avalanches. bioRxiv.
Lombardi, Fabrizio, et al. “Long-Range Temporal Correlations in the Broadband Resting State Activity of the Human Brain Revealed by Neuronal Avalanches.” BioRxiv, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, 2020.

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