We illustrate the ingredients of the state-of-the-art of model-based approach for the formal design and verification of cyber-physical systems. To capture the interaction between a discrete controller and its continuously evolving environment, we use the formal models of timed and hybrid automata. We explain the steps of modeling and verification in the tools Uppaal and SpaceEx using a case study based on a dual-chamber implantable pacemaker monitoring a human heart. We show how to design a model as a composition of components, how to construct models at varying levels of detail, how to establish that one model is an abstraction of another, how to specify correctness requirements using temporal logic, and how to verify that a model satisfies a logical requirement.
Computing and Software Science
Alur R, Giacobbe M, Henzinger TA, Larsen KG, Mikučionis M. Continuous-time models for system design and analysis. In: Computing and Software Science. Vol 10000. Springer Nature; 2019:452-477. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-91908-9_22
Alur, R., Giacobbe, M., Henzinger, T. A., Larsen, K. G., & Mikučionis, M. (2019). Continuous-time models for system design and analysis. In Computing and Software Science (Vol. 10000, pp. 452–477). Springer Nature. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-91908-9_22
Alur, Rajeev, Mirco Giacobbe, Thomas A Henzinger, Kim G. Larsen, and Marius Mikučionis. “Continuous-Time Models for System Design and Analysis.” In Computing and Software Science, 10000:452–77. Springer Nature, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-91908-9_22.
R. Alur, M. Giacobbe, T. A. Henzinger, K. G. Larsen, and M. Mikučionis, “Continuous-time models for system design and analysis,” in Computing and Software Science, 2019, vol. 10000, pp. 452–477.
Alur R, Giacobbe M, Henzinger TA, Larsen KG, Mikučionis M. 2019. Continuous-time models for system design and analysis. Computing and Software Science. , LNCS, vol. 10000. 452–477.
Alur, Rajeev, et al. “Continuous-Time Models for System Design and Analysis.” Computing and Software Science, vol. 10000, Springer Nature, 2019, pp. 452–77, doi:10.1007/978-3-319-91908-9_22.