Proofs of catalytic space

K.Z. Pietrzak, in:, 10th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science  Conference (ITCS 2019), Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik, 2018, p. 59:1-59:25.

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Department
Series Title
LIPIcs
Abstract
Proofs of space (PoS) [Dziembowski et al., CRYPTO'15] are proof systems where a prover can convince a verifier that he "wastes" disk space. PoS were introduced as a more ecological and economical replacement for proofs of work which are currently used to secure blockchains like Bitcoin. In this work we investigate extensions of PoS which allow the prover to embed useful data into the dedicated space, which later can be recovered. Our first contribution is a security proof for the original PoS from CRYPTO'15 in the random oracle model (the original proof only applied to a restricted class of adversaries which can store a subset of the data an honest prover would store). When this PoS is instantiated with recent constructions of maximally depth robust graphs, our proof implies basically optimal security. As a second contribution we show three different extensions of this PoS where useful data can be embedded into the space required by the prover. Our security proof for the PoS extends (non-trivially) to these constructions. We discuss how some of these variants can be used as proofs of catalytic space (PoCS), a notion we put forward in this work, and which basically is a PoS where most of the space required by the prover can be used to backup useful data. Finally we discuss how one of the extensions is a candidate construction for a proof of replication (PoR), a proof system recently suggested in the Filecoin whitepaper.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2018-12-31
Proceedings Title
10th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2019)
Volume
124
Page
59:1-59:25
Conference
ITCS: Innovations in theoretical Computer Science Conference
Conference Location
San Diego, CA, United States
Conference Date
2019-01-10 – 2019-01-12
ISSN
IST-REx-ID

Cite this

Pietrzak KZ. Proofs of catalytic space. In: 10th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science  Conference (ITCS 2019). Vol 124. Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik; 2018:59:1-59:25. doi:10.4230/LIPICS.ITCS.2019.59
Pietrzak, K. Z. (2018). Proofs of catalytic space. In 10th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science  Conference (ITCS 2019) (Vol. 124, p. 59:1-59:25). San Diego, CA, United States: Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik. https://doi.org/10.4230/LIPICS.ITCS.2019.59
Pietrzak, Krzysztof Z. “Proofs of Catalytic Space.” In 10th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science  Conference (ITCS 2019), 124:59:1-59:25. Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik, 2018. https://doi.org/10.4230/LIPICS.ITCS.2019.59.
K. Z. Pietrzak, “Proofs of catalytic space,” in 10th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science  Conference (ITCS 2019), San Diego, CA, United States, 2018, vol. 124, p. 59:1-59:25.
Pietrzak KZ. 2018. Proofs of catalytic space. 10th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science  Conference (ITCS 2019). ITCS: Innovations in theoretical Computer Science Conference, LIPIcs, vol. 124. 59:1-59:25.
Pietrzak, Krzysztof Z. “Proofs of Catalytic Space.” 10th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science  Conference (ITCS 2019), vol. 124, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik, 2018, p. 59:1-59:25, doi:10.4230/LIPICS.ITCS.2019.59.
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