Genomic architecture of parallel ecological divergence: Beyond a single environmental contrast

H.E. Morales, R. Faria, K. Johannesson, T. Larsson, M. Panova, A.M. Westram, R.K. Butlin, Science Advances 5 (2019).

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Journal Article | Published | English

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Author
Morales, Hernán E.; Faria, Rui; Johannesson, Kerstin; Larsson, Tomas; Panova, Marina; Westram, Anja MIST Austria ; Butlin, Roger K.
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Abstract
The study of parallel ecological divergence provides important clues to the operation of natural selection. Parallel divergence often occurs in heterogeneous environments with different kinds of environmental gradients in different locations, but the genomic basis underlying this process is unknown. We investigated the genomics of rapid parallel adaptation in the marine snail Littorina saxatilis in response to two independent environmental axes (crab-predation versus wave-action and low-shore versus high-shore). Using pooled whole-genome resequencing, we show that sharing of genomic regions of high differentiation between environments is generally low but increases at smaller spatial scales. We identify different shared genomic regions of divergence for each environmental axis and show that most of these regions overlap with candidate chromosomal inversions. Several inversion regions are divergent and polymorphic across many localities. We argue that chromosomal inversions could store shared variation that fuels rapid parallel adaptation to heterogeneous environments, possibly as balanced polymorphism shared by adaptive gene flow.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2019-12-04
Journal Title
Science Advances
Volume
5
Issue
12
Article Number
eaav9963
ISSN
IST-REx-ID

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Morales HE, Faria R, Johannesson K, et al. Genomic architecture of parallel ecological divergence: Beyond a single environmental contrast. Science Advances. 2019;5(12). doi:10.1126/sciadv.aav9963
Morales, H. E., Faria, R., Johannesson, K., Larsson, T., Panova, M., Westram, A. M., & Butlin, R. K. (2019). Genomic architecture of parallel ecological divergence: Beyond a single environmental contrast. Science Advances, 5(12). https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.aav9963
Morales, Hernán E., Rui Faria, Kerstin Johannesson, Tomas Larsson, Marina Panova, Anja M Westram, and Roger K. Butlin. “Genomic Architecture of Parallel Ecological Divergence: Beyond a Single Environmental Contrast.” Science Advances 5, no. 12 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.aav9963.
H. E. Morales et al., “Genomic architecture of parallel ecological divergence: Beyond a single environmental contrast,” Science Advances, vol. 5, no. 12, 2019.
Morales HE, Faria R, Johannesson K, Larsson T, Panova M, Westram AM, Butlin RK. 2019. Genomic architecture of parallel ecological divergence: Beyond a single environmental contrast. Science Advances. 5(12).
Morales, Hernán E., et al. “Genomic Architecture of Parallel Ecological Divergence: Beyond a Single Environmental Contrast.” Science Advances, vol. 5, no. 12, eaav9963, AAAS, 2019, doi:10.1126/sciadv.aav9963.
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