A synthetic mammalian therapeutic gene circuit for sensing and suppressing inflammation

Smole A, Lainšček D, Bezeljak U, Horvat S, Jerala R. 2017. A synthetic mammalian therapeutic gene circuit for sensing and suppressing inflammation. Molecular Therapy. 25(1), 102–119.

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Journal Article | Published | English
Author
Smole, Anže; Lainšček, Duško; Bezeljak, UrbanIST Austria ; Horvat, Simon; Jerala, Roman
Department
Abstract
Inflammation, which is a highly regulated host response against danger signals, may be harmful if it is excessive and deregulated. Ideally, anti-inflammatory therapy should autonomously commence as soon as possible after the onset of inflammation, should be controllable by a physician, and should not systemically block beneficial immune response in the long term. We describe a genetically encoded anti-inflammatory mammalian cell device based on a modular engineered genetic circuit comprising a sensor, an amplifier, a “thresholder” to restrict activation of a positive-feedback loop, a combination of advanced clinically used biopharmaceutical proteins, and orthogonal regulatory elements that linked modules into the functional device. This genetic circuit was autonomously activated by inflammatory signals, including endogenous cecal ligation and puncture (CLP)-induced inflammation in mice and serum from a systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (sIJA) patient, and could be reset externally by a chemical signal. The microencapsulated anti-inflammatory device significantly reduced the pathology in dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced acute murine colitis, demonstrating a synthetic immunological approach for autonomous anti-inflammatory therapy.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2017-01-01
Journal Title
Molecular Therapy
Volume
25
Issue
1
Page
102-119
ISSN
IST-REx-ID

Cite this

Smole A, Lainšček D, Bezeljak U, Horvat S, Jerala R. A synthetic mammalian therapeutic gene circuit for sensing and suppressing inflammation. Molecular Therapy. 2017;25(1):102-119. doi:10.1016/j.ymthe.2016.10.005
Smole, A., Lainšček, D., Bezeljak, U., Horvat, S., & Jerala, R. (2017). A synthetic mammalian therapeutic gene circuit for sensing and suppressing inflammation. Molecular Therapy. Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ymthe.2016.10.005
Smole, Anže, Duško Lainšček, Urban Bezeljak, Simon Horvat, and Roman Jerala. “A Synthetic Mammalian Therapeutic Gene Circuit for Sensing and Suppressing Inflammation.” Molecular Therapy. Elsevier, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ymthe.2016.10.005.
A. Smole, D. Lainšček, U. Bezeljak, S. Horvat, and R. Jerala, “A synthetic mammalian therapeutic gene circuit for sensing and suppressing inflammation,” Molecular Therapy, vol. 25, no. 1. Elsevier, pp. 102–119, 2017.
Smole A, Lainšček D, Bezeljak U, Horvat S, Jerala R. 2017. A synthetic mammalian therapeutic gene circuit for sensing and suppressing inflammation. Molecular Therapy. 25(1), 102–119.
Smole, Anže, et al. “A Synthetic Mammalian Therapeutic Gene Circuit for Sensing and Suppressing Inflammation.” Molecular Therapy, vol. 25, no. 1, Elsevier, 2017, pp. 102–19, doi:10.1016/j.ymthe.2016.10.005.
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2020-03-03
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PMID: 28129106
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