Microtubule and actin differentially regulate synaptic vesicle cycling to maintain high-frequency neurotransmission

L. Piriya Ananda Babu, H.Y. Wang, K. Eguchi, L. Guillaud, T. Takahashi, Journal of Neuroscience 40 (2020) 131–142.

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Author
Piriya Ananda Babu, Lashmi; Wang, Han Ying; Eguchi, KohgakuIST Austria ; Guillaud, Laurent; Takahashi, Tomoyuki
Department
Abstract
Cytoskeletal filaments such as microtubules (MTs) and filamentous actin (F-actin) dynamically support cell structure and functions. In central presynaptic terminals, F-actin is expressed along the release edge and reportedly plays diverse functional roles, but whether axonal MTs extend deep into terminals and play any physiological role remains controversial. At the calyx of Held in rats of either sex, confocal and high-resolution microscopy revealed that MTs enter deep into presynaptic terminal swellings and partially colocalize with a subset of synaptic vesicles (SVs). Electrophysiological analysis demonstrated that depolymerization of MTs specifically prolonged the slow-recovery time component of EPSCs from short-term depression induced by a train of high-frequency stimulation, whereas depolymerization of F-actin specifically prolonged the fast-recovery component. In simultaneous presynaptic and postsynaptic action potential recordings, depolymerization of MTs or F-actin significantly impaired the fidelity of high-frequency neurotransmission. We conclude that MTs and F-actin differentially contribute to slow and fast SV replenishment, thereby maintaining high-frequency neurotransmission.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2020-01-02
Journal Title
Journal of neuroscience
Volume
40
Issue
1
Page
131-142
eISSN
IST-REx-ID

Cite this

Piriya Ananda Babu L, Wang HY, Eguchi K, Guillaud L, Takahashi T. Microtubule and actin differentially regulate synaptic vesicle cycling to maintain high-frequency neurotransmission. Journal of neuroscience. 2020;40(1):131-142. doi:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1571-19.2019
Piriya Ananda Babu, L., Wang, H. Y., Eguchi, K., Guillaud, L., & Takahashi, T. (2020). Microtubule and actin differentially regulate synaptic vesicle cycling to maintain high-frequency neurotransmission. Journal of Neuroscience, 40(1), 131–142. https://doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1571-19.2019
Piriya Ananda Babu, Lashmi, Han Ying Wang, Kohgaku Eguchi, Laurent Guillaud, and Tomoyuki Takahashi. “Microtubule and Actin Differentially Regulate Synaptic Vesicle Cycling to Maintain High-Frequency Neurotransmission.” Journal of Neuroscience 40, no. 1 (2020): 131–42. https://doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1571-19.2019.
L. Piriya Ananda Babu, H. Y. Wang, K. Eguchi, L. Guillaud, and T. Takahashi, “Microtubule and actin differentially regulate synaptic vesicle cycling to maintain high-frequency neurotransmission,” Journal of neuroscience, vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 131–142, 2020.
Piriya Ananda Babu L, Wang HY, Eguchi K, Guillaud L, Takahashi T. 2020. Microtubule and actin differentially regulate synaptic vesicle cycling to maintain high-frequency neurotransmission. Journal of neuroscience. 40(1), 131–142.
Piriya Ananda Babu, Lashmi, et al. “Microtubule and Actin Differentially Regulate Synaptic Vesicle Cycling to Maintain High-Frequency Neurotransmission.” Journal of Neuroscience, vol. 40, no. 1, Society for Neuroscience, 2020, pp. 131–42, doi:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1571-19.2019.
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