Quantifying total superoxide, peroxide, and carbonaceous compounds in metal–O2 batteries and the solid electrolyte interphase

B. Schafzahl, E. Mourad, L. Schafzahl, Y.K. Petit, A.R. Raju, M.O. Thotiyl, M. Wilkening, C. Slugovc, S.A. Freunberger, ACS Energy Letters 3 (2018) 170–176.

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Journal Article | Published | English
Author
Schafzahl, Bettina; Mourad, Eléonore; Schafzahl, Lukas; Petit, Yann K.; Raju, Anjana R.; Thotiyl, Musthafa Ottakam; Wilkening, Martin; Slugovc, Christian; Freunberger, Stefan AlexanderIST Austria
Abstract
Passivation layers on electrode materials are ubiquitous in nonaqueous battery chemistries and strongly govern performance and lifetime. They comprise breakdown products of the electrolyte including carbonate, alkyl carbonates, alkoxides, carboxylates, and polymers. Parasitic chemistry in metal–O2 batteries forms similar products and is tied to the deviation of the O2 balance from the ideal stoichiometry during formation/decomposition of alkaline peroxides or superoxides. Accurate and integral quantification of carbonaceous species and peroxides or superoxides in battery electrodes remains, however, elusive. We present a refined procedure to quantify them accurately and sensitively by pointing out and rectifying pitfalls of previous procedures. Carbonaceous compounds are differentiated into inorganic and organic ones. We combine mass and UV–vis spectrometry to quantify evolved O2 and complexed peroxide and CO2 evolved from carbonaceous compounds by acid treatment and Fenton’s reaction. The capabilities of the method are exemplified by means of Li–O2 and Na–O2 cathodes, graphite anodes, and LiNi0.8Co0.15Al0.05O2 cathodes.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2018-01-01
Journal Title
ACS Energy Letters
Volume
3
Issue
1
Page
170-176
IST-REx-ID

Cite this

Schafzahl B, Mourad E, Schafzahl L, et al. Quantifying total superoxide, peroxide, and carbonaceous compounds in metal–O2 batteries and the solid electrolyte interphase. ACS Energy Letters. 2018;3(1):170-176. doi:10.1021/acsenergylett.7b01111
Schafzahl, B., Mourad, E., Schafzahl, L., Petit, Y. K., Raju, A. R., Thotiyl, M. O., … Freunberger, S. A. (2018). Quantifying total superoxide, peroxide, and carbonaceous compounds in metal–O2 batteries and the solid electrolyte interphase. ACS Energy Letters, 3(1), 170–176. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsenergylett.7b01111
Schafzahl, Bettina, Eléonore Mourad, Lukas Schafzahl, Yann K. Petit, Anjana R. Raju, Musthafa Ottakam Thotiyl, Martin Wilkening, Christian Slugovc, and Stefan Alexander Freunberger. “Quantifying Total Superoxide, Peroxide, and Carbonaceous Compounds in Metal–O2 Batteries and the Solid Electrolyte Interphase.” ACS Energy Letters 3, no. 1 (2018): 170–76. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsenergylett.7b01111.
B. Schafzahl et al., “Quantifying total superoxide, peroxide, and carbonaceous compounds in metal–O2 batteries and the solid electrolyte interphase,” ACS Energy Letters, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 170–176, 2018.
Schafzahl B, Mourad E, Schafzahl L, Petit YK, Raju AR, Thotiyl MO, Wilkening M, Slugovc C, Freunberger SA. 2018. Quantifying total superoxide, peroxide, and carbonaceous compounds in metal–O2 batteries and the solid electrolyte interphase. ACS Energy Letters. 3(1), 170–176.
Schafzahl, Bettina, et al. “Quantifying Total Superoxide, Peroxide, and Carbonaceous Compounds in Metal–O2 Batteries and the Solid Electrolyte Interphase.” ACS Energy Letters, vol. 3, no. 1, ACS, 2018, pp. 170–76, doi:10.1021/acsenergylett.7b01111.
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