Huber, D. ; Hammer, H.-W. ; Volosniev, ArtemIST Austria
We investigate the ground-state energy of a one-dimensional Fermi gas with two bosonic impurities. We consider spinless fermions with no fermion-fermion interactions. The fermion-impurity and impurity-impurity interactions are modeled with Dirac delta functions. First, we study the case where impurity and fermion have equal masses, and the impurity-impurity two-body interaction is identical to the fermion-impurity interaction, such that the system is solvable with the Bethe ansatz. For attractive interactions, we find that the energy of the impurity-impurity subsystem is below the energy of the bound state that exists without the Fermi gas. We interpret this as a manifestation of attractive boson-boson interactions induced by the fermionic medium, and refer to the impurity-impurity subsystem as an in-medium bound state. For repulsive interactions, we find no in-medium bound states. Second, we construct an effective model to describe these interactions, and compare its predictions to the exact solution. We use this effective model to study nonintegrable systems with unequal masses and/or potentials. We discuss parameter regimes for which impurity-impurity attraction induced by the Fermi gas can lead to the formation of in-medium bound states made of bosons that repel each other in the absence of the Fermi gas.
Physical Review Research
Huber D, Hammer H-W, Volosniev A. In-medium bound states of two bosonic impurities in a one-dimensional Fermi gas. Physical Review Research. 2019;1(3). doi:10.1103/physrevresearch.1.033177
Huber, D., Hammer, H.-W., & Volosniev, A. (2019). In-medium bound states of two bosonic impurities in a one-dimensional Fermi gas. Physical Review Research, 1(3). https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevresearch.1.033177
Huber, D., H.-W. Hammer, and Artem Volosniev. “In-Medium Bound States of Two Bosonic Impurities in a One-Dimensional Fermi Gas.” Physical Review Research 1, no. 3 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevresearch.1.033177.
D. Huber, H.-W. Hammer, and A. Volosniev, “In-medium bound states of two bosonic impurities in a one-dimensional Fermi gas,” Physical Review Research, vol. 1, no. 3, 2019.
Huber D, Hammer H-W, Volosniev A. 2019. In-medium bound states of two bosonic impurities in a one-dimensional Fermi gas. Physical Review Research. 1(3), 033177.
Huber, D., et al. “In-Medium Bound States of Two Bosonic Impurities in a One-Dimensional Fermi Gas.” Physical Review Research, vol. 1, no. 3, 033177, APS, 2019, doi:10.1103/physrevresearch.1.033177.
2019_PhysRevResearch_Huber.pdf 1.37 MB