Transient memory in gene regulation

C.C. Guet, T.A. Henzinger, C. Igler, T. Petrov, A. Sezgin, in:, 17th International Conference on Computational Methods in Systems Biology, Springer Nature, 2019, pp. 155–187.

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Conference Paper | Published | English
Series Title
LNCS
Abstract
The expression of a gene is characterised by its transcription factors and the function processing them. If the transcription factors are not affected by gene products, the regulating function is often represented as a combinational logic circuit, where the outputs (product) are determined by current input values (transcription factors) only, and are hence independent on their relative arrival times. However, the simultaneous arrival of transcription factors (TFs) in genetic circuits is a strong assumption, given that the processes of transcription and translation of a gene into a protein introduce intrinsic time delays and that there is no global synchronisation among the arrival times of different molecular species at molecular targets. In this paper, we construct an experimentally implementable genetic circuit with two inputs and a single output, such that, in presence of small delays in input arrival, the circuit exhibits qualitatively distinct observable phenotypes. In particular, these phenotypes are long lived transients: they all converge to a single value, but so slowly, that they seem stable for an extended time period, longer than typical experiment duration. We used rule-based language to prototype our circuit, and we implemented a search for finding the parameter combinations raising the phenotypes of interest. The behaviour of our prototype circuit has wide implications. First, it suggests that GRNs can exploit event timing to create phenotypes. Second, it opens the possibility that GRNs are using event timing to react to stimuli and memorise events, without explicit feedback in regulation. From the modelling perspective, our prototype circuit demonstrates the critical importance of analysing the transient dynamics at the promoter binding sites of the DNA, before applying rapid equilibrium assumptions.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2019-09-17
Proceedings Title
17th International Conference on Computational Methods in Systems Biology
Volume
11773
Page
155-187
Conference
CMSB: Computational Methods in Systems Biology
Conference Location
Trieste, Italy
Conference Date
2019-09-18 – 2019-09-20
ISSN
eISSN
IST-REx-ID

Cite this

Guet CC, Henzinger TA, Igler C, Petrov T, Sezgin A. Transient memory in gene regulation. In: 17th International Conference on Computational Methods in Systems Biology. Vol 11773. Springer Nature; 2019:155-187. doi:10.1007/978-3-030-31304-3_9
Guet, C. C., Henzinger, T. A., Igler, C., Petrov, T., & Sezgin, A. (2019). Transient memory in gene regulation. In 17th International Conference on Computational Methods in Systems Biology (Vol. 11773, pp. 155–187). Trieste, Italy: Springer Nature. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-31304-3_9
Guet, Calin C, Thomas A Henzinger, Claudia Igler, Tatjana Petrov, and Ali Sezgin. “Transient Memory in Gene Regulation.” In 17th International Conference on Computational Methods in Systems Biology, 11773:155–87. Springer Nature, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-31304-3_9.
C. C. Guet, T. A. Henzinger, C. Igler, T. Petrov, and A. Sezgin, “Transient memory in gene regulation,” in 17th International Conference on Computational Methods in Systems Biology, Trieste, Italy, 2019, vol. 11773, pp. 155–187.
Guet CC, Henzinger TA, Igler C, Petrov T, Sezgin A. 2019. Transient memory in gene regulation. 17th International Conference on Computational Methods in Systems Biology. CMSB: Computational Methods in Systems Biology, LNCS, vol. 11773. 155–187.
Guet, Calin C., et al. “Transient Memory in Gene Regulation.” 17th International Conference on Computational Methods in Systems Biology, vol. 11773, Springer Nature, 2019, pp. 155–87, doi:10.1007/978-3-030-31304-3_9.

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