Persistent and polarized global actin flow is essential for directionality during cell migration

L. Yolland, M. Burki, S. Marcotti, A. Luchici, F.N. Kenny, J.R. Davis, E. Serna-Morales, J. Müller, M.K. Sixt, A. Davidson, W. Wood, L.J. Schumacher, R.G. Endres, M. Miodownik, B.M. Stramer, Nature Cell Biology 21 (2019) 1370–1381.


Journal Article | Published | English
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Abstract
Cell migration is hypothesized to involve a cycle of behaviours beginning with leading edge extension. However, recent evidence suggests that the leading edge may be dispensable for migration, raising the question of what actually controls cell directionality. Here, we exploit the embryonic migration of Drosophila macrophages to bridge the different temporal scales of the behaviours controlling motility. This approach reveals that edge fluctuations during random motility are not persistent and are weakly correlated with motion. In contrast, flow of the actin network behind the leading edge is highly persistent. Quantification of actin flow structure during migration reveals a stable organization and asymmetry in the cell-wide flowfield that strongly correlates with cell directionality. This organization is regulated by a gradient of actin network compression and destruction, which is controlled by myosin contraction and cofilin-mediated disassembly. It is this stable actin-flow polarity, which integrates rapid fluctuations of the leading edge, that controls inherent cellular persistence.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2019-11-01
Journal Title
Nature Cell Biology
Volume
21
Issue
11
Page
1370-1381
ISSN
eISSN
IST-REx-ID

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Yolland L, Burki M, Marcotti S, et al. Persistent and polarized global actin flow is essential for directionality during cell migration. Nature Cell Biology. 2019;21(11):1370-1381. doi:10.1038/s41556-019-0411-5
Yolland, L., Burki, M., Marcotti, S., Luchici, A., Kenny, F. N., Davis, J. R., … Stramer, B. M. (2019). Persistent and polarized global actin flow is essential for directionality during cell migration. Nature Cell Biology, 21(11), 1370–1381. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41556-019-0411-5
Yolland, Lawrence, Mubarik Burki, Stefania Marcotti, Andrei Luchici, Fiona N. Kenny, John Robert Davis, Eduardo Serna-Morales, et al. “Persistent and Polarized Global Actin Flow Is Essential for Directionality during Cell Migration.” Nature Cell Biology 21, no. 11 (2019): 1370–81. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41556-019-0411-5.
L. Yolland et al., “Persistent and polarized global actin flow is essential for directionality during cell migration,” Nature Cell Biology, vol. 21, no. 11, pp. 1370–1381, 2019.
Yolland L, Burki M, Marcotti S, Luchici A, Kenny FN, Davis JR, Serna-Morales E, Müller J, Sixt MK, Davidson A, Wood W, Schumacher LJ, Endres RG, Miodownik M, Stramer BM. 2019. Persistent and polarized global actin flow is essential for directionality during cell migration. Nature Cell Biology. 21(11), 1370–1381.
Yolland, Lawrence, et al. “Persistent and Polarized Global Actin Flow Is Essential for Directionality during Cell Migration.” Nature Cell Biology, vol. 21, no. 11, Springer Nature, 2019, pp. 1370–81, doi:10.1038/s41556-019-0411-5.

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