Mechanistic origin of drug interactions between translation-inhibiting antibiotics

B. Kavcic, G. Tkačik, T. Bollenbach, BioRxiv (2019).

Preprint | Published | English
Department
Abstract
Antibiotics that interfere with translation, when combined, interact in diverse and difficult-to-predict ways. Here, we demonstrate that these interactions can be accounted for by “translation bottlenecks”: points in the translation cycle where antibiotics block ribosomal progression. To elucidate the underlying mechanisms of drug interactions between translation inhibitors, we generated translation bottlenecks genetically using inducible control of translation factors that regulate well-defined translation cycle steps. These perturbations accurately mimicked antibiotic action and their interactions, supporting that the interplay of different translation bottlenecks causes these interactions. We further showed that the kinetics of drug uptake and binding together with growth laws allows direct prediction of a large fraction of observed interactions, yet fails for suppression. Simultaneously varying two translation bottlenecks in the same cell revealed how the dense traffic of ribosomes and competition for translation factors results in previously unexplained suppression. This result highlights the importance of “continuous epistasis” in bacterial physiology.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2019-11-15
Journal Title
bioRxiv
Page
45
IST-REx-ID

Cite this

Kavcic B, Tkačik G, Bollenbach T. Mechanistic origin of drug interactions between translation-inhibiting antibiotics. bioRxiv. 2019.
Kavcic, B., Tkačik, G., & Bollenbach, T. (2019). Mechanistic origin of drug interactions between translation-inhibiting antibiotics. BioRxiv. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory.
Kavcic, Bor, Gašper Tkačik, and Tobias Bollenbach. “Mechanistic Origin of Drug Interactions between Translation-Inhibiting Antibiotics.” BioRxiv. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, 2019.
B. Kavcic, G. Tkačik, and T. Bollenbach, “Mechanistic origin of drug interactions between translation-inhibiting antibiotics,” bioRxiv. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, 2019.
Kavcic B, Tkačik G, Bollenbach T. 2019. Mechanistic origin of drug interactions between translation-inhibiting antibiotics. bioRxiv.
Kavcic, Bor, et al. “Mechanistic Origin of Drug Interactions between Translation-Inhibiting Antibiotics.” BioRxiv, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, 2019.

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