Non-polynomial worst-case analysis of recursive programs

K. Chatterjee, H. Fu, A.K. Goharshady, ACM Transactions on Programming Languages and Systems 41 (2019).

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Journal Article | Published | English
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Abstract
We study the problem of developing efficient approaches for proving worst-case bounds of non-deterministic recursive programs. Ranking functions are sound and complete for proving termination and worst-case bounds of nonrecursive programs. First, we apply ranking functions to recursion, resulting in measure functions. We show that measure functions provide a sound and complete approach to prove worst-case bounds of non-deterministic recursive programs. Our second contribution is the synthesis of measure functions in nonpolynomial forms. We show that non-polynomial measure functions with logarithm and exponentiation can be synthesized through abstraction of logarithmic or exponentiation terms, Farkas' Lemma, and Handelman's Theorem using linear programming. While previous methods obtain worst-case polynomial bounds, our approach can synthesize bounds of the form $\mathcal{O}(n\log n)$ as well as $\mathcal{O}(n^r)$ where $r$ is not an integer. We present experimental results to demonstrate that our approach can obtain efficiently worst-case bounds of classical recursive algorithms such as (i) Merge-Sort, the divide-and-conquer algorithm for the Closest-Pair problem, where we obtain $\mathcal{O}(n \log n)$ worst-case bound, and (ii) Karatsuba's algorithm for polynomial multiplication and Strassen's algorithm for matrix multiplication, where we obtain $\mathcal{O}(n^r)$ bound such that $r$ is not an integer and close to the best-known bounds for the respective algorithms.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2019-10-01
Journal Title
ACM Transactions on Programming Languages and Systems
Volume
41
Issue
4
Article Number
20
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Cite this

Chatterjee K, Fu H, Goharshady AK. Non-polynomial worst-case analysis of recursive programs. ACM Transactions on Programming Languages and Systems. 2019;41(4). doi:10.1145/3339984
Chatterjee, K., Fu, H., & Goharshady, A. K. (2019). Non-polynomial worst-case analysis of recursive programs. ACM Transactions on Programming Languages and Systems, 41(4). https://doi.org/10.1145/3339984
Chatterjee, Krishnendu, Hongfei Fu, and Amir Kafshdar Goharshady. “Non-Polynomial Worst-Case Analysis of Recursive Programs.” ACM Transactions on Programming Languages and Systems 41, no. 4 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1145/3339984.
K. Chatterjee, H. Fu, and A. K. Goharshady, “Non-polynomial worst-case analysis of recursive programs,” ACM Transactions on Programming Languages and Systems, vol. 41, no. 4, 2019.
Chatterjee K, Fu H, Goharshady AK. 2019. Non-polynomial worst-case analysis of recursive programs. ACM Transactions on Programming Languages and Systems. 41(4), 20.
Chatterjee, Krishnendu, et al. “Non-Polynomial Worst-Case Analysis of Recursive Programs.” ACM Transactions on Programming Languages and Systems, vol. 41, no. 4, 20, ACM, 2019, doi:10.1145/3339984.

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