Salicylic acid-mediated plasmodesmal closure via Remorin-dependent lipid organization

D. Huang, Y. Sun, Z. Ma, M. Ke, Y. Cui, Z. Chen, C. Chen, C. Ji, T. Tran, L. Yang, S. Lam, Y. Han, G. Shu, J. Friml, Y. Miao, L. Jiang, X. Chen, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 116 (2019) 21274–21284.

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Journal Article | Published | English

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Author
Huang, D; Sun, Y; Ma, Z; Ke, M; Cui, Y; Chen, Z; Chen, C; Ji, C; Tran, TM; Yang, L; Lam, SM; Han, Y
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Abstract
Plasmodesmata (PD) are plant-specific membrane-lined channels that create cytoplasmic and membrane continuities between adjacent cells, thereby facilitating cell–cell communication and virus movement. Plant cells have evolved diverse mechanisms to regulate PD plasticity in response to numerous environmental stimuli. In particular, during defense against plant pathogens, the defense hormone, salicylic acid (SA), plays a crucial role in the regulation of PD permeability in a callose-dependent manner. Here, we uncover a mechanism by which plants restrict the spreading of virus and PD cargoes using SA signaling by increasing lipid order and closure of PD. We showed that exogenous SA application triggered the compartmentalization of lipid raft nanodomains through a modulation of the lipid raft-regulatory protein, Remorin (REM). Genetic studies, superresolution imaging, and transmission electron microscopy observation together demonstrated that Arabidopsis REM1.2 and REM1.3 are crucial for plasma membrane nanodomain assembly to control PD aperture and functionality. In addition, we also found that a 14-3-3 epsilon protein modulates REM clustering and membrane nanodomain compartmentalization through its direct interaction with REM proteins. This study unveils a molecular mechanism by which the key plant defense hormone, SA, triggers membrane lipid nanodomain reorganization, thereby regulating PD closure to impede virus spreading.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2019-10-15
Journal Title
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume
116
Issue
42
Page
21274-21284
IST-REx-ID

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Huang D, Sun Y, Ma Z, et al. Salicylic acid-mediated plasmodesmal closure via Remorin-dependent lipid organization. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2019;116(42):21274-21284. doi:10.1073/pnas.1911892116
Huang, D., Sun, Y., Ma, Z., Ke, M., Cui, Y., Chen, Z., … Chen, X. (2019). Salicylic acid-mediated plasmodesmal closure via Remorin-dependent lipid organization. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 116(42), 21274–21284. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1911892116
Huang, D, Y Sun, Z Ma, M Ke, Y Cui, Z Chen, C Chen, et al. “Salicylic Acid-Mediated Plasmodesmal Closure via Remorin-Dependent Lipid Organization.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 116, no. 42 (2019): 21274–84. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1911892116.
D. Huang et al., “Salicylic acid-mediated plasmodesmal closure via Remorin-dependent lipid organization,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 116, no. 42, pp. 21274–21284, 2019.
Huang D, Sun Y, Ma Z, Ke M, Cui Y, Chen Z, Chen C, Ji C, Tran T, Yang L, Lam S, Han Y, Shu G, Friml J, Miao Y, Jiang L, Chen X. 2019. Salicylic acid-mediated plasmodesmal closure via Remorin-dependent lipid organization. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 116(42), 21274–21284.
Huang, D., et al. “Salicylic Acid-Mediated Plasmodesmal Closure via Remorin-Dependent Lipid Organization.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 116, no. 42, PNAS, 2019, pp. 21274–84, doi:10.1073/pnas.1911892116.
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